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1. Equivocation is a theory that defends lying, claiming that if a statement can be considered truthful from a certain perspective, it’s not actually lying. The prophecy that Macbeth receives concerning Birnam Wood moving to Dunsinane Hill is an example of equivocation, because even though the woods don't actually move, they seem to move when the soldiers disguise themselves with branches. From a visual perspective, the prophecy comes true.

2. First, a new king could be elected by other thanes; this method was used in Scotland until the eleventh century. This is the way Macbeth gets the throne. Second, the throne could be gained through inheritance. This is called patrilineal succession through primogeniture, which states that the first-born son of the king attains the throne upon his father's death.

3. The first apparition of an armed head says “beware Macduff.” The second apparition of the bloody child says that no man born of a woman can harm Macbeth. The third apparition of the crowned child holding a tree says that Macbeth shall not be vanquished until the Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane Hill.

4. Macduff kills Macbeth, he was able to do so because he was delivered through caesarian delivery. By being delivered through a caesarian delivery, he was considered not born of a woman in a natural way.

5. King Duncan's legitimate heir is Malcom. He flees to England after his father's murder.

Identify the Quotation
1. Macbeth is delivering a soliloquy. He is considering the meaning and nature of the initial prophecy the weird sisters gave him. Macbeth wonders how the prophecy can be good, because he’s already having “horrible” thoughts, probably about killing Duncan. This quote’s significance lies in demonstrating Macbeth’s e...

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...sage, Malcom is speaking to Duncan about the original Thane of Cawdor, who died a noble after confessing his treasonous actions. This quotation is important because it shows one of the different ways the play depicts dying. This statement presents a good example against which to compare other deaths- especially Macbeth’s. (I.4.7-11)

9. Macduff is mourning the murder of his family in front of Malcom and Ross. He says that he will seek revenge from Macbeth. This quote is significant in its portrayal of dealing with grief as well as its comments on gender. Macduff says the grieving in public would be non-masculine.(IV.3.230-234)

10. Macbeth says these lines after learning about Lady Macbeth’s death. Macbeth seems to be talking to himself but his officer, Seyton is also on stage. These limes validate Macbeth’s cynicism with life and his desire for death. (V.5.19-23)

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