MS Sclerosis

885 Words4 Pages
Unfortunately, there are very few people who haven’t been touched by multiple sclerosis, or MS. MS is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that shows progressive damage to the myelin, or insulation covers of nerve cells. Think of it in traditional house type wiring context. The electricity passes through the wire just fine when the bright colored insulation is intact. When the insulation is damaged or missing, electricity starts to stray and the connection becomes less effective. This is much like the effects of MS on a person. The disease is a progressive one that effects people differently and sadly, has no cure. Since a cure is absent, many researchers have spent their careers attempting to identify the variances within the disease, treatments, and hopefully a cure. Arnett, Roa, Bernardin, Grafman, Yetkin, and Lobeck are researchers who have introduced a study looking at MS and how frontal lobe lesions affect specific test performances. The frontal lobe of the brain is responsible for, simply put, impulse control, judgment, memory, language, and much more. When a MS patient has a brain lesion, or a location of the brain that has been heavily damaged, specific functions are affected. The above researchers developed a study to look at the extents of the effects of MS lesions, specifically the white matter of the frontal lobe. In past research, it has been suggested that there may be a threshold where dysfunction of cognitive processes begins. They past research was also deficient in its attempts at looking at frontal lobe lesions, however laid the groundwork that allows for thinking lesion size and location do in fact make a difference in the cognitive differences of MS patients. Building on the weaknesses of past research, Arne... ... middle of paper ... ...ch clearly looks at the relationship between frontal lobe patients and their performance and the distinct differences form other localized lesion patients. Why does this research matter? Those who suffer from frontal lobe lesions often fall victim to intensive personality, management, and memory skills that make family support difficult and often impossible. This research helps us identify the different types of symptoms we can expect from lesion locations as well as attempt to predict possible symptoms as well. While this doesn’t introduce a cure, it introduces distinct differences amongst those who suffer from MS and may lead to case by case management of symptoms and issues felt by an individual. This also serves as a step in the progression of research as more is conducted to work towards understanding, management, and hopefully a cure for Multiple Sclerosis.

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