Lysistrat A Satire Written By Aristophanes

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Lysistrata is a satire written by Aristophanes that takes place during the Peleponesian War, which was unpopular amongst the citizens of Greece. Consequently the unpopularity motivated Aristophanes to write a satirical play that mocks the war by telling the story of the women of Greece who are in an uproar for the reason being they argue they are the collectors of the burden the war has brought on. Aristophanes uses situational as well as Socratic irony to deliver his thoughts of the war through the women in the play, nonetheless he successfully includes a moral alternative which is still applicable today. Lysistrata the head of the anti-civil war movement run by the spouses of Greece, delivers our first introduction to the irony within the play during the initial meeting of all the women of Greece. “Then I will out with it at last, my mighty secret! Oh! sister women, if we would compel our husbands to make peace, we must refrain …We must refrain from the male altogether….” (Aristophanes, 15). Situational irony is being displayed by Lysistrata’s through declaring a civil war, a war of sexes to end the ongoing civil war that has placed a burden on the women of Greece. In addition, the suggestion also acts as dramatic irony because the women do not understand that by declaring this war of the sexes, they bring the same burden upon their male counterparts, which the movement is attempting to rid women of. The burden displaced from women to men is the absence of their partner in the household. Moreover, as the women advance with their plan of bringing peace to Greece we are presented with additional satire, this time it is in the form of Socratic irony. Attempting to obtain leverage on their side, the women have decided to occupy... ... middle of paper ... wife Myrrhiné with intentions of convincing her to return back home. Myrrhiné agrees to break her oath and have sex with her husband. Unbeknown to Cinemas, Myrrhiné is playing ignorant to gain an advantage and further drive the point of the women. “No, by Artemis! lie on the bare sacking, never! That were too squalid… Why, you have no blanket… There, what a scatterbrain I am; if I have not brought Rhodian perfumes… Coming, coming; I’m just slipping off my shoes. Dear boy, will you vote for peace? I’ll think about it. (Myrrhiné runs away .) I’m a dead man, she is killing me!” (Aristophanes, 40). Cruel to her husband, Myrrhiné pretends to comfort her husband before she breaks her oath by bringing him a bed, a pillow etc. but in fact she is simply teasing him and playing ignorant. Harshly but effectively getting her point across to the men through socratic irony.

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