Low Vision Rehabilitation

821 Words4 Pages
Sensory problems are common experiences with the older generations of the United States population today (Crews & Campbell, 2004, p. 823, Vol. 94 No. 5). Surprisingly, 18% of people report blindness in one or both eyes or other eye impairments (Crews & Campbell, 2004, p. 823, Vol. 94 No. 5). Two-thirds of these low vision patients are 65 years of age (National Institutes of Health, 2000). There are many reasons why a person may suffer from vision loss. Low vision is one of the ten most prevalent causes of disability (M. Markowitz, R. E. Markowitz, S. N. Markowitz, 2009). When vision is diminished this can be associated with decreases in activities of daily living or leisure activities (Crews & Campbell, 2004, p. 823, Vol. 94 No. 5). In this paper a better understanding of low vision, problems that may occur and what measures that are taken to help improve a patient’s quality of life will be discussed. The United States Department of Health and Human Services defines low vision (LV) as a clinically defined aspect of eye care. Low vision is a permanent loss of vision and cannot be improved with eyeglasses, medicine, or surgery (Eye Smart, 2014). Eye Smart states that if a patient has been diagnosed with low vision, no treatment will give the patient back their vision. However, the patient will need to learn new ways to use the vision that is left for activities of daily living and to maintain the quality of life (Eye Smart, 2014). Because individuals experience blindness so often they are usually overlooked or dismissed (Crews & Campbell, 2004, p. 823, Vol. 94 No. 5). According to Crews and Campbell vision problems are not manifested disabilities, and can lead to misdiagnosis and misunderstanding. Because of this mis... ... middle of paper ... ... occupations (Smith, Ludwig, Anderson, & Copolillo, 2009, p. 129). The participants portrayed a sense of pride and fulfillment when they were able to perform activities they needed and wanted to do (Smith, Ludwig, Anderson, & Copolillo, 2009, p. 121). This included daily living activities, Leisure, and socializing. In Ontario, Canada a study was performed by M. Markowitz, R. E. Markowitz, and S. N. Markowitz that showed that changes in the environmental setting could help improve the patient’s engagement in occupation due to their visual impairments. In a study done by Smallfield and Lou (2006) they concluded that limited research was available concerning the impact of low vision rehabilitation on the quality of life, and that there were mixed results concerning the benefit to low vision rehabilitation in addition to eye care professional intervention alone.
Open Document