President Jefferson was alert to the dangers of a powerful nation controlling the mouth of the Mississippi. He instructed the American minister to France, Robert R. Livingston, to open negotiations to buy New Orleans and some territory east of the city. A treaty would have to satisfy the financial claims that some United States citizens had against the French government. Finally the French continued to claim that the province still belonged to Spain. Jefferson sent James Monroe to help with the negotiations, and authorized him to spend no more than $10,000,000.
France and Spain decided to sign a secret pact, the Treaty of Ildefonso. This stated that the Spanish would give Louisiana to France. Bonaparte Napoleon came to a conclusion that having Louisiana wasn't worth the hassle, because he was getting ready for a war against Britain. French not only sold the land but they were selling the... ... middle of paper ... ... travelling and expansion were a part of the spirits Manifest Destiny. It was believed by the Americans that it was God’s belief that spread over America, and to control the country as they wanted to.
Spain originally claimed this territory but it was also claimed by France who owned it from 1699 to 1762 until they gave it to Spain. Spain, who defeated France in the Seven Years War, took control of the territory west of the Mississippi river. Then, in 1800 France took it back under Napoleon’s rule in the hope of building a new empire in the United States. Extremely skeptical about buying the extra territory, Thomas Jefferson saw it to be unconstitutional. He decided to go through with the purchase to rid France from the region and protect United States trade access to the port of New Orleans and free passage on the Mississippi River.2 Thomas Jefferson also called it “an ample provision for our posterity and a widespread field for the blessings of freedom.”3 The United States only wanted New Orleans because of its exports, but a man named James Madison, Secretary of State, originally paid for the Louisiana Purchase.
Changes came about with The Treaty of San Idelfonso in 1800, in which Spain transferred the Louisiana Territory back to France. Napoleon, in 1801, sent troops to secure New Orleans, which sent a slight panic into the U.S.. President Jefferson already knew the need for America to secure New Orleans as its own and saw his opportunity to not only ensure American trade but also to establish his dream of an Empire of Liberty, essentially an expanding America. Between 1801 and 1802, Jefferson dispatched Robert Livingston and James Monroe to Paris with the mission of acquiring the port of New Orleans and its environs. Instead of offering to sell New Orleans, the French offered America the entire Louisiana Territory, a tempting proposal since the price tag was a mere $5 million more than what the U.S. had been prepared to give for just New Orleans. Here we encounter the variou... ... middle of paper ... ...ark’s expedition helped chart the Louisiana Purchase and helped provide valuable information which led to the later acquisition of the Oregon Territory.
Also, French control of the Gulf of Mexico and the mouth of the of the Mississippi River could deprive westerners of the right to deposit at New Orleans, and it could greatly limit their trade. “The day that France takes New Orleans,” said President Jefferson, “We must marry ourselves to the British fleet ad nation.” (Curti 245). That quote tells one that Jefferson was really concerned. It was this fact that led Jefferson to urge the American minister to Paris, Robert R. Livingston, and James Monroe to travel to France where they were to n... ... middle of paper ... ...ution should be broadly interpreted. These changes of views for both parties illustrates how ideas change as interests and situations change.
In 1814, the coalition invaded France. Napoleon tried to take advantage of the distance between the armies approaching Paris by picking them off one by one, but was eventually outnumbered. Napoleon gave up his rule and was exiled to the island of Elba, and giving small amounts of governmental power there. Louis XVII took the crown of France. Aware of the French peoples dissatisfaction with Louis XVII's rule, Napoleon returned to France in 1815.
Jay's Treaty of 1795 angered France, who was at war with Britain and recognized the treaty as support of an Anglo-American alliance. Almost 300 American ships bound for British were seized by France. Marshall finally accepted a national appointment from President John Adams as one of the three representatives to France to negotiate peace. He accepted because he was concerned about the controversy. However, when Marshall and the other representatives arrived in France, the French refused to negotiate unless the United States paid massive bribes.
France is documented to have held the land from 1699 to 1762 when it gave the territory up to Spain who was an ally at the time. However, under Napoleon Bonaparte’s reign, France recaptured it in an effort to create a global empire. Jefferson, however, realized the potential of the land west of the Mississippi and additionally the area of New Orleans. He arranged a settlement with Napoleon to fund France $15 million on their home front in return for the land of the purchase, which the French leader agreed to. Jefferson identified Napoleon’s desperate need for capital at the time, as the war versus Britain in Europe was on the brink of occurring as well as a French slave revolt in Haiti during the early 1800’s.
Edward invaded France in 1356. Both the French forces and English Forces clash outside of Poitiers, and France almost succeeds, but Edward broke their front lines, and was able to capture the king of France and two thousand French soldiers. The ransom was nearly one third of France’s GNP (Gross National Product) to get ... ... middle of paper ... ...battle marked the end of the fighting in Northern France. After being pushed out of northern France, Henry VI sent an army to Bordeaux in an attempt to gain at least some territory in France. The French responded by besieging the town of Castillon.
Britain retaliated in January and furthermore in November, condemning all ships engaging in trade with France, and to only give warning to those who’s engagement was prior to the Order. Napoleon countered with the Milan decree, stating that any nation’s ship that has traded with, searched by, or in anyway engaged with Britain, is denationalized, and was then considered to be flying the British flag. The United States, while mostly standing by, as its interdependent commerce was being virtually destroyed, took actions in 1807. The United States trade was highly dependent upon the nations of France and Great Britain, but by the Decrees and Orders of Council, the United States was refused trade with each nation. In 1807, the United States established an Embargo Act, preventing all trade.