Louis the Fourteenth and Western Civilization

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In today’s American society, the every day lives and routines of American citizens are impacted, affected, and ruled by the government. By studying the lives of people beginning in eighteenth century France, it is easy to see how the ruling government system impacts the everyday lives and routines of it‘s citizens. It is also easy to compare this society to the European civilization under the rule of Napoleon I, the American civilization under the rule of Woodrow Wilson, and Adolf Hitler. During the time period of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette is used today to represent the turmoil a country can experience with dire rule. In eighteenth century France, the subjects of the King and Queen were divided into three classes; the peasantry, the bourgeoisie, and the clergy. The peasantry consisted of farmers born into a life of poverty. “The difficulty is that there is not and never has been such a person as a typical French peasant; then, as now, the lot of the individual peasant depended on the kind and the amount of land which he had at his disposal, and the region in which he happened to live” (Lough 16). From region to region, the amount of land that a peasant owned varied greatly. Even though the peasants made up ninety percent of the population and owned most of the land, they had very little say in the government. This was one of the biggest problems with the French government. The middle class, also known as t...

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