Pure freedom can only lead to disaster. In Lord of the Flies, William Golding demonstrates that when civilisation falls away and individuals are left to their own immediate desires, anarchy ensues in its most savage form. Golding uses the character development of Jack from civilized to savage, and the events leading to the deaths of Simon and Piggy to emphasize this theme. Jack, when first introduced is a nice choir boy, however throughout the novel after he the isolation from civilisation, progressively develops into an evil bloodthirsty savage while tending to his personal desires. After Jack’s failed attempt at leadership shortly after the arrival on the island, he becomes more and more obsessed with the desire of hunting and killing of pigs.
Jack is the perfect example of a boy whose dark side took over when he was no longer bound down to a civil environment. After being unable to bear killing a pig due to the horrific blood, he became eager to gain respect, almost redeem himself, by becoming a hunter. He was remarkably enthusiastic about hunting. He painted his face and got spears. He eventually cared no more for being rescued, because all he wanted to do was kill pigs.
Although Jack does have a knife with him his hesitation combined with the overwhelming reality of the situation keeps Jack stunned in his place and the pig escapes untouched. Jack swears to himself and the others that he will kill the next pig and this pressure to perform to prove himself a true and worthy hunter, leads him to obsession over the hunt. To Jack the hunt becomes more than just a game, or a source of food, it becomes his mission, duty and purpose on the island. When Jack makes his first kill he is spellbound by the power of life and death he exerts on the pig and is fascinated by the warm blood that pours from the wound he cuts to slit the pigs throat.
William Golding Lord of the Flies articulates the idea evil residing within every human through three characters. Jack is a boy who forgets about morals and compassion right after he is marooned. He becomes a deranged individual who destroys anything that stands in his path. Roger was directly influenced by Jack he represents the characteristics of sadism, bloodlust and cruelty which resides within every human heart. Ralph is a character who desperately tries to remain civilized and cultured but he eventually gives into his natural villainous instincts.
Thought his first instinct is to draw his knife, he is unable to continue because of “the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh; because of the unbearable blood”. This displays the innocence that once existed in Jack. This shows that Jack is civilized enough to be unable to harm the pig. However, after returning from their successful hunt, Jack and the boys chant, "Kill the pig. Cut her throat.
Consequently, this event symbolises how people become brain washed by their desires which leads to evil and savagery and defects of the society such as war and hatred. Simon, a pure, benevolent and spiritual believer, often battles to get along with the boys henceforth he goes off on missions to get himself away from the savagery of the boys. Likewise, spiritual believers are outcasts in society and they too, battle to fit in with society. Simon understands through the Lord of the Flies that the beast exists within the boys and not externally. This produces to an outcome of Simon being killed by the boys with bare hands therefore symbolises how often, society kills these outcasts physically and
In edition these authors use characters, particularly Jack and Macbeth, as examples of man’s self-corruption by letting our natural greedy self-centred self’s come through. Through their works it is shown, likewise their belief that if everybody revealed their true natures, the world would tear itself apart by the unconscious want for power that man will stop at nothing to get. Nevertheless in this game of survival, dishonorable tactics are used to climb the ladder swiftly with the deep craving of attaining the pinnacle of power. On the other hand, and perhaps more importantly evil is also revealed by the telling actions of the characters. In Lord of the Flies, Ralph, the nobler of the two leaders on the island, has the conch, which symbolizes power.
Lastly, through all of his frustration, Ralph accused Jack of being a “beast and a swine,” suggesting that through trying to stop and kill the beast, he has let out his inner darkness and become the beast, yet developed the qualities of a pig at the same time (179). When put into a life-or-death situation, you never know how you will react. You could be more civilized and calm, or you could see it as an opportunity to seize control and embrace a violent nature. Either way, you would want to be heard and have some sort of control over something. However, this need for authority can pull out a dark side to some people and cause their sanity to be altered.
Ralph even asks Jack, “Which is better—to have laws and agree, or to hunt and kill.” Jack convinces the boys to hunt down Ralph, and try to kill him. So in the end, savagery, irrationality, and dictatorship, do overcome the restraints of society. The boys give in to their base instincts, and essentially lose what it means to be human.
As Jack has Robert pinned down in the circle the reader is told that Jack is "Brandishing a knife," with this added to the background cheering of "Kill him! Kill him!" the boys have overcome another Taboo; not one of is it right to kill animals but one of is it right to injure other people for the sake of the game. Another disturbing part of the passage is the language and imagery involved in "Make a ring!" Here we can imagine a giant set of claws engulfing Robert ready to kill leaving him no escape.