William Golding and Jean-Jacques Rousseau both had different opinions on how society corrupts man. For example William Golding says “the inherent evil of individuals required the constraints of society in order for social order to be maintained”. He uses this statement as a guideline for his book Lord of the Flies. But Jean- Jacques Rousseau thinks differently. He says, “all individuals are naturally good, but that corruption is born from living in the unnatural state created by society”.I believe that Golding’s is correct from his statement.
Voltaire includes Pangloss, Candid... ... middle of paper ... ... get sick in modern society is because of their lavish and greedy lifestyles. Ultimately, Voltaire’s explanation for the existence of human misery proves to be more valid because it is based on instances that he observed in his own life. It is his belief that through reason and education, man can separate himself from the savage whereas Rousseau argues that man is naturally good and becomes corrupted by the institutions that he himself created. Rousseau’s fault lies in the fact that he bases his entire argument off of a theoretical state of nature that he tailors to suit his argument throughout his discourse. Rousseau’s argument is also invalid because what he is proposing is impossible.
This just shows how Rousseau's ideas show how only after a lot of experiences of negative encounters turn him evil. Even in his writings Rousseau goes as far to explain how man through their actions ends up destroying all things and is turned sour due to these experiences saying “God makes all things good; man meddles”(Document 3: Jean Jacques Rousseau “
In edition these authors use characters, particularly Jack and Macbeth, as examples of man’s self-corruption by letting our natural greedy self-centred self’s come through. Through their works it is shown, likewise their belief that if everybody revealed their true natures, the world would tear itself apart by the unconscious want for power that man will stop at nothing to get. Nevertheless in this game of survival, dishonorable tactics are used to climb the ladder swiftly with the deep craving of attaining the pinnacle of power. On the other hand, and perhaps more importantly evil is also revealed by the telling actions of the characters. In Lord of the Flies, Ralph, the nobler of the two leaders on the island, has the conch, which symbolizes power.
Without it, we are lost. In Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson, society teaches good and evil, and without societal input, we turn to a primitive state of evil. Reputation conceals the evil that is prevalent in the world, and ultimately, self-attainment buries moral conduct. People are inherently evil. Without the socialization of different institutions that teach us values, the evil within takes precedence over our soul.
He was explaining what it was to be human. Through this perception of King Lear, we can say that the play is both bleak and hopeful, because it asserts that there is no meaning in life but puts man as the master of the world, instead of omnipotent justice dispensing 'higher powers'. King Lear gives the reader a bleak and lonely impression. People suffer unjustly and are killed by heartbreak. Albany points out that if left alone by the gods, "Humanity must perforce prey on itself / like monsters of the deep," expressing that justice and humanity do not house comfortably together.
This conflict with his wife is a direct result of his greediness, and his unrelenting greed leads to his son’s death. John Steinbeck is able to convey the theme that insatiable greed is the precursor to agonizing misery, through the use of various elements of fiction that include characterization, symbolism and conflict. Through these elements of fiction, Steinbeck creates a dark, tragic story that warns of the consequences of greed in a world where everyone is looking out for themselves and their capacity for evil and greed is far outweighs their capacity for benevolence.
These mediums, that reveal Twain’s attitude towards humanity, prove that his negative take on the human race is justified. According to Twain, humans are the lowest of creatures due to their war-like natures. At first, this statement may seem shocking, but the points proven in Twain’s, “The Damned Human Race,” show that this hypothesis may not be far from the truth. Throughout the essay, Twain takes over a persona that compares the behaviors of various species of animals and of man in similar situations. The results show that man is selfish, cruel, and greedy.
Both justify and execute, with a clear conscience, horrors that would never be considered for one’s own sake, but are more than worthy for the cause of the masses. Collectivism, in its raw, implemental form, results not only in mass delusion, but in the deconstruction of society by the tainted individuals in power portraying their goals as that of the masses. In reality, the masses suffer, while the authorities exist in a state of self-induced gluttony; an apparition that resembles progress, but actually symbolizes progress’s murder. By following the stories of these men, Ayn Rand provides a basis for how collectivism, even when masked by the guise of justice, results in nothing but the death of humanity.
On the left, is evil; that which is the cause of most human misery, and prevents peace on earth. In John Gardner’s book Grendel, the retelling of the ages old story Beowulf, further blurs the line between good and evil. Circumstance and perhaps a confused view of reality allow the monster, Grendel, to conceivably defend his evil beliefs. In order to better understand evil, using Grendel as a guide, I intend to attempt to justify it. Grendel is born a neutral being, perhaps even good, but nevertheless, without hate.