Golding’s belief of human nature is that humans are naturally evil and savage. However, law and civility keep humans from turning into this natural state of evil and Golding uses the development of Jack to show how savagery is created. Golding uses other characters to show Jack’s regression to savagery and one of these characters is Ralph. Ralph brings out Jack’s inner savagery by making Jack become more dominant. When the boys vote, they pick Ralph over Jack as chief, as a result Jack feels humiliated ,“Even the choir applauded...”(pg 23).
Civilization is the condition that exists when people have developed effective ways of organizing a society. In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, the characters Ralph, Piggy and Jack are liable for the disregard for civilization at the end of the novel. Piggy is accountable for the lack of civilization because he makes excuses for the other boy’s savagery. He places too much faith in what society should do and, although he complains about the boys’ reckless behaviour, he does nothing to stop it. Ralph is responsible because he makes the mistake of giving Jack power; he is unable to control the other boy when Jack starts to become savage and he is prone to fleeting lapses in self-control.
His fundamental conflicts are that people are savage by nature, and are moved by urges to dominate over others. The natural darkness in humankind brings about the breakdown of civilization, as demonstrated by Jack. Jack’s loss of innocence to savagery articulates the beginning of the breakdown of civilization. His subsequent fall into ruthlessness is established when he first spots a pig. Thought his first instinct is to draw his knife, he is unable to continue because of “the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh; because of the unbearable blood”.
He shows that he enjoys releasing the rock that killed Piggy showing that indeed he had developed into an evil monster under the chaotic environment. The events of the death of Piggy clearly demonstrates that with the abandonment of civilisation the boys decent into anarchy. In the end, Golding uses the dark and gruesome events leading to the death of Simon and Piggy as well as the savagery developing in the character of Jack to prove that when civilisation falls away and individuals are left to their own immediate desires, anarchy ensues in its most evil form. However, though Lord of the Flies displays the problems of humanity, there are plenty of pieces of literature that depicts the bright side of humanity, which hopefully outnumbers the negatives.
The irony of the plane crashing to start the story, the environment of an unknown island and many other cruel acts function into the work as a whole because it really does set up the major plot in the story. Cruelty will bring out the worst in people and this phrase proves to be true when it comes to Jack. The killing of the pig and the obsession of blood lust drives Jack into savagery and reveals that he is not morally strong. The violence also shows that Jack is manipulative as he uses the fear of the beast to gain power. While cruelty transforms Jack, Ralph stays morally strong and represents civilization throughout the novel.
Capabilities and The Downfall in Gulliver's Travels Upon reading “Gulliver’s Travels” I investigated the nature of man, his weaknesses, his capabilities, and the way of life that was fitting for him. Swift constantly stressed the evil of human pride as the greatest defect in human nature. Showing the dangerous consequences of our refusal to recognize our limitations as human being. In the first part of the “Travels”, Swift takes a simple, agreeable, man named Gulliver who has thought very little about life, and places him into a situation where he becomes victim of the uncontrollable pride of tiny creatures who act as if they were masters of the universe. The Lilliputians behave as if they were lords and masters of the universe, appearing to be unaware how ridiculous their ways are in relation to their size.
Jack’s use of propaganda augmented his assets and facilitated his rise to power. For instance, Jack compared Ralph to a weaker character by stating, “He’s like Piggy. He says things like Piggy. He isn’t a proper chief... He’s a coward himself...” (115). This comparison of Ralph to Piggy portrayed Ralph as a weak, derided character, especially since Piggy was constantly ridiculed and abhorred for his corpulent appearance.
I feel that Lord of the Flies is a good book because it reveals to you that every man has the ability to be vicious, that evil is just controlled by the guidelines of society, and that once there are no rules the evil comes free and individuals get to be savages and can turn on their best friends. Golding's stress on the negative results of brutality might be perused as a reasonable support of civilization. In the early parts of the novel, he proposes that one of the paramount capacities of socialized public opinion is to give an outlet to the savage driving forces that dwell inside every person. Jack's starting longing to slaughter pigs to show his fort...
Upon reading Beowulf, the reader discovers Grendel as seen through the eyes of his terrified victims. King Hrothgar, leader of the Danes, fears his visits: “The renowned ruler, the prince of long famous, sat empty of joy; strong in might, he suffered, sorrowed for his men when they saw the track of the hateful monster, the evil spirit. '; Hrothgar would dread the fatal nights when Grendel would dine on human flesh. The ruler understands that Grendel attacks his men out of spite and jealousy (The Two Faces of Grendel, 1). In reading Grendel and Beowulf, one can find many similarities in the way the events occur in the books, however because of contrasting points of view, the reader gets insight on the entire picture from two different sides.
The results show that man is selfish, cruel, and greedy. For example, Twain remarks, “Man is the only animal that deals in that atrocity of atrocities, War. He is the only one that gathers his brethren around him and goes forth in cold blood and with calm pulse to exterminate his kind.” This quotation sums up the idea of the essay because it explains how mankind is ruthless. As opposed to animals, man will purposely inflict pain f... ... middle of paper ... ...more to professors which will cause more awareness to the subject. “And so I find that we have descended and degenerated, from some far ancestor…insect by insect, animal by animal, reptile by reptile, down the long highway of smirchless innocence, till we have reached the bottom stage of development (namable as the Human Being.)