Animal Research Paper: Longnose Gar and Mudpuppy
The Longnose Gar and Mudpuppy are both native species that can be found in Ohio. The Gar gets its name from the long nose that is very similar looking to a beak of a bird. The Gar in the lab is brownish grey with black spots, but in the wild they do have a range of colors. Their size is often a wide range as well. Some Longnose Gars can grow to be up to 6ft, but it is common for them to be between 3 and 4 feet long (Groves ). The gar in this lab is about a foot long, so smaller than those in the wild. The other animal in the tank is the mudpuppy. Mudpuppies are common all over the northeast United States. They are also called the waterdog which is because they are the only salamander that makes noise (National geographic: Mudpuppy). They mainly stay at the bottom of the lakes and body of water where they feed. Both the mudpuppy and the Longnose gar’s conservation status are common.
The Longnose gars are found all over the eastern united states and grow to be a rather big fish. Their scientific name is Lepisosteus osseus and they are members of the gar family (Groves). Gars have been around for a very long time, some said even back to prehistoric times. However even with them being around for a long time, there is still little research done on them because they are considered pests to many fisherman. According to the Chesapeake Bay Program This is because “most fisherman consider gars to be a nuisance because they damage fishing gear and eat more important fish species” (Chesapeake Bay Program, 2012).
The common length for the Longnose gar is about three to four feet. They can grow much larger depending on where in the United States they are. According to the Maryland Depart...
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... in range then lunge and thrash their head from side to side impelling they prey on their long needle sharp teeth. They then maneuver the prey in order to swallow it head first” (Goddard). They like to surprise attack their prey and usually attack from the side. Once the Longnose gar gets the prey in its mouth, they have to get the prey so it’s parallel to their nose so they can swallow it.
The Longnose gars reproduction depends on location that the gar is found in. The reproduction does typically happen during the spring or summer months and all dependent on what the water temperature. The female gar will swim into a small, fast moving stream and lay their eggs (Goddard). The Longnose gar eggs are not just normal eggs that most people think of when they think of fish eggs. Their eggs are green and sticky so they can stick to the plants in the fast moving stream (