Loggerhead Turtles

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Caretta caretta or commonly known as the "Loggerhead" sea turtle are a species that is at risk of going extinct. These turtles are known for their larger heads, a distinctive horny beak, and their reddish-brown shells. Loggerheads live in salt water bays and muddy habitats, where they spend majority of their time besides during breeding season or to lay eggs. Loggerhead are the most common turtles found in the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian Oceans, and Mediterranean Sea. The loggerhead sea turtle is an carnivore, who mainly feeds on bottom dwellers, such as sea cucumbers, starfish, and clams. Although this species is one of the most famous of sea turtles, it is almost close to the verge of extinction. There are various population of species going extinct due to habitat destruction and human involvement, and unfortunately the Loggerhead sea turtle is on the list of endangered species with an estimated count of fifteen thousand turtles still alive in the wild (nmfs.noaa.gov, 2013). Due to the climate change, commercial fisheries, and loss of habitat for nesting, the number of Loggerhead turtles continue to rise and it could lead for the population to head for early extinction.
One of the topics that various studies have shown to be a reason to why the population rate of Loggerhead turtles is decreasing is the climate change. The dynamics of global climate change is considered to be a major hazard for the world's biodiversity (Chaloupka, Kamezaki, & Limpus, 2008). Since little is known about the female loggerhead turtles' nesting behaviors, it is difficult to figure out how the nesting environments are badly affected. Scientists neglected of the effect of humans for the cause of the global climate change, due to things such as: indust...

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...n check, providing homes and provide resources for other small organisms. All these organisms and other ocean resources are attached to the loggerhead sea turtle, so it is important for this species of turtle to not go extinct and leave the ocean's ecosystem. Climate change can not be fixed quickly, but hopefully over time the pollution in the environment will gradually go away. Fishermen and fisheries could be more aware of their fishing nets and their captures, also the turtles' eggs to be protected in clean and marked nesting habitats. If people become aware of the loggerhead sea turtles' eggs hatching successfully, then the turtles' population will be stable and increase. All in all, by making small steps to remove the loggerhead sea turtles off the endangered list will not only benefit the sake of the species, but for the sake of the entire ocean ecosystem.
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