Local Communicable Disease Outbreak Reporting Protocol
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A4. Local communicable disease outbreak Reporting Protocol
The outbreak would require a system to be in place to report the outbreak. Measles is a mandated, reportable infectious disease that requires reporting by physicians, schools, and labs. Each case should be reported immediately to aid in rapid response to the issue. Reporting would be required to the local health department. A 24 hour/7 day phone line would be available for the purpose of reporting cases. The local health department would immediately report the case to the state health department. The state health department will in turn notify the CDC and National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System.
When the report is received, there is immediate action to isolate the infected person, assess where the exposure took place, how many others were exposed, what the vaccination status of the persons affected are. If necessary a quarantine may be instituted. Due to the highly contagious nature action is taken as if the results are positive even before the lab results are returned. Set-up vaccination stations to administer doses of MMR to individuals that do not know their immunization status or have only had one dose.
A5. Local notification of key stakeholders
The Public Health Department would handle the outbreak. After a case of measles is reported an incident command team is assembled. It is assembled at rapid pace as this has been practiced in the past and a protocol is in place. Phone calls of notification are placed to team members. Each member has an assigned task.
A plan would be in place to disseminate the outbreak information to key stakeholders. The plan must be simple and expeditious in notification. A chain of command would be set-up so that the process is co...
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...ailable for use. Be sure to properly clean surfaces with a one to ten bleach solution. Open the windows once a day to let fresh air in and germs out. Encourage all to make sure all immunizations are up-to- date. (CDC, Infectious, 2011). Send notes home to parent to remind not to send sick children to school and the information about measles.
Continually providing information on measles will assist in keeping the outbreaks of measles in check. Offering public vaccination clinics is a way to address the issue since this is a 97% effective way to prevent it. Having a reporting system and incident command team readily available is a necessity to containing an outbreak. The system must be practiced and checked from time to time so it is ready to go when needed. Following the above suggestions will ensure prevention or successful handling of a situation if it arises.