Geriatrics, 64(3), 20-26. Jootun, D., & McGhee, G. (2011). Effective communication with people who have dementia. Nursing Standard, 25(25), 40-47. Lu, Der Fa,PhD., R.N., & Herr, Keela, PhD, RN,A.G.S.F., F.A.A.N.
According to Jorde, Carey, and Bamshad (2014), 3% to 5% of individuals diagnosed before age 65 are most likely to have inherited to dominant gene(s) for Alzheimer’s Dementia. Unfortunately, it is difficult to diagnose this disease. Medical doctors usually order numerous tests on individuals to rule out a number of disease processes before diagnosing with Alzheimer’s. According to Centers for Disease Control (2013), Alzheimer’s Dementia is the sixth leading cause of death based on 2010 data. It is definitive diagnosed upon death.
New problems arise from the longer length of life that still require an antidote that can only be discovered with the help of research and development. Alzheimer’s Disease, the most common form of Dementia can be found in 1 of 3 senior and is the 6th leading cause in the United States alone. The need for extensive research on Alzheimer’s Disease is evident and would benefit not only the patient, but also the family members who watch as their loved ones mental stability deteriorates. “Alzheimer’s was first discovered in the early 1900’s by a German physician, Alois Alzheimer. He discovered the disease while observing a patient, a 51 year old woman named Frau Auguste D” After a few years of observations, Dr. Alzheimer discovered a progression of the symptoms which inevitably led to the death of the patient.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia - affecting around 5 million Americans (alz.org). It is the most fatal disease affecting older people and needs to be taken seriously. As with any disease there are factors that may put one at more risk for developing the disease. The most common risk factor is age. After 65, the likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s disease doubles every 5 years - this means as you age you are more likely to be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s.
People who have the Late-onset Alzheimer’s originates from a complicated series of brain changes that occur over a long period of time. Current drug treatments are given to slow down the cognitive damage temporally. Scientist are currently researching that the disease may be triggered by different factors however age is the most known factor . This nerve racking disease called Alzheimer’s also known as AD was discovered in 1906 by Dr Alois Alzheimer a German physician, this was not considered a critical Disease until the 1970s.It all began with a documented case of a woman by the name Of Auguste D in her in fifties who showed signs of a cognitive disorder as it relates to her memory and socializing with her family. She later died and this great physician decided to do an autopsy on her brain, he then noticed a shrinkage in and around the nerve cells of her brain which led significantly to the discovery of this disease.
Letts, L., Minezes, J., Edwards, M., Berenyi, J., Moros, K., & O'Neill, C. O. (2011). Effectiveness of interventions designed to modify and maintain perceptual abilities in people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 505-513. Ridge, E., & Robnett, R. (2009, May 11).
Alzheimer cannot be cured, it cannot be slowed, but there are ways to keep the effected person at a certain level of comfort, independence and safety that is relevant to their survival, emotionally and physically. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive illness that destroys certain functions of the brain such as memory and thinking abilities. Alzheimer’s usually affects those who are 60 years and older but has been known to occur sooner, it is thought of as an elderly disease. Being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s is not the same as being diagnosed with cancer or other physically sickening diseases because it takes many years and several stages to reach its full intent. There are four stages of the Alzheimer’s disease ranging from simple forgetfulness in the beginning stages to being completely dependent on a caregiver to fulfill even the most basic needs, these symptoms are a result of amyloid plaques and neuro fibrillary tangles in the brain.
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An approach to and the rationale for the pharmacological management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, 13, S94-S98. doi: 10.4103/0972-2327.74252 Wigg, J. M. (2010). Liberating the wanderers: using technology to unlock doors for those living with dementia. Sociology of Health & Illness, 32(2), 288-303. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2009.01221.x
Many areas of the disease process have been noted, but no one has been marked as the primary causative process, as well as little has been solidified in diagnostic procedures to identify Parkinson Disease in living patients. Parkinson disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, falling behind Alzheimer’s, and effects 340,000 People in the United States (Bollinger, Cowan, LaFontaine,& Ronai, 2012). Pathophysiology The disease process of Parkinson disorder is still unknown due to the difficulty of diagnosis and the complexity of the neurological disorder. However many factors have been identified pathology of Parkinson’s. Basal Ganglia The supporting cells of the central neurological system are the ganglia cells, basal is in reference to their location at the base of the cerebral hemispheres (Obeso, Rodríguez‐Oroz, Benitez‐Temino, Blesa, Guridi, Marin, & Rodriguez, 2008).