Literary Analysis Of 'A Doll's House'

1173 Words5 Pages
Vincent DeLaurentis
12 July 2015
Intro to Literature
Professor Ayres
Deceit Is Not The Way To A New Beginning
“A Doll’s House” is a story about a husband and wife, who are well off, and going through the Christmas holidays. Helmer, the Husband, is going to start a new job after the New Year. There is a strong focus on the marriage. In fact, when I first read "A Doll 's House," I thought marriage was the theme, but with closer examination now I realize the real theme is deceit. I will use examples from the play, symbolism, and character analysis to demonstrate this idea.
The first example of lying is when Nora comes back from being out and shopping for Christmas gifts. She has macaroons in her pockets, and has eaten a couple already. There is
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There is no point in lying about this. However, this sets the tone for the rest of the play, and allows lying and deceit to snowball after this. The second example of lying, which really stands out, is when Krogstad has deposited a letter into the locked mailbox. This letter essentially holds the fate of Nora, because it tells of her misdeed towards Helmer. She tries to get the letter out. To do so, she must pick the lock. She tries to do this with a hairpin, but she fails in her attempt. Helmer notices this and says, “What is this? Someone has been at the lock.” Nora replies, “At the lock?” Helmer, “Yes, someone has. What can it mean? I should never have thought the maid. Here is a broken hairpin. Nora, it is one of yours.” Nora, “Then it must have been the children” (Act 3, 198-201). This is an important dialogue that really drives the deceit theme home. Earlier in the play, Helmer mentions that a mother, who is a liar, does not deserve to raise her children. This is ironic because not only is she being deceitful to Helmer, she is also blaming the children to save her from…show more content…
This was going to take place after the New Year. However, this did not happen because the amount of deceit taking place in the household. Nora’s constant lying drove the marriage apart, from Nora’s side, keeping the secret, and Helmer’s side, learning of the secret. After Helmer had learned the secret, Nora left the household. The audience can see here how she felt, “Never to see him again. Never! Never! Never to see my children again either never again. Never! Never! Ah! the icy, black water the unfathomable depths If only it were over! He has got it now he is reading it. Goodbye, Torvald and my children” (Act 3, 248-252). Throughout the play she had felt disparaged. This was symbolized by the Christmas Tree she decorated. After this, in the beginning of scene two, we learn that Christmas Tree had been stripped of all of its ornaments, and also that it had been pushed back into the corner of the room. This is symbolic of how Nora felt. She felt like she had nothing left and that she was unappreciated. This is also symbolic of emptiness as well. There is nothing on the Christmas tree, just as Nora felt that her deceit had stripped her of all her ornaments so to speak. The final symbol, which confirms the theme of deceit, is the letters. These letters are what dictated the actions of Nora and Ms. Linde. The letter, which Krogstad had written,
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