Altogether, the darkest moments of savagery in both novels is apparent when each boys experience their first downfall into wickedness. In both novels, A Separate Peace and The Lord of the flies, there are many signs that show savagery and the darkness of man. Both Jack and Gene experience the downfall into a barbaric state of mind, which is the start of their savage takeover. Likewise, Jack and Gene both represent the primitive leaders of each novel. Furthermore, the two boys experience a dark point of savagery, in which their animalistic behavior overpowers all pure instincts.
Bash him in!” and repeatedly jabs Robert (Golding 125). These actions by Jack lead the reader to believe that he has changed into a lustful bloodthirsty savage ready to harm humans just a short time after the fall of a peaceful society. The chanting indicates that Jack has fallen into a primitive state demonstrating the lack of civility When Jack manages to achieves a position of leadership in a rule less society, he becomes ruthless to the boys, “the newly beaten and untied Wilfred [is] sniffling” (176). Jack’s actions demonstrate how much he has changed, from civil choir boy to a reckless savage tying and beating boys at random. Jack has started solving his problems the only way a bloodthirsty savage does, by violence.
William Golding uses the "beast" to return the boys of the island to their primal instincts, contributing to his commentary on human nature. The beast symbolizes the growing fear that lies dormant, deep in the children’s souls and turns the boys into uncivilized beings. William Golding uses the beast to instill fear in the souls of the boys. While everyone is scared of the beast and questioning what it exactly is, Simon suggests something else. He agrees with everyone that the beast might just exist.
The Lord of the Flies is a novel that describes a group of boy’s abandonment of civility and transformation into violence and savagery. The characters in the book quickly become like animals, acting upon impulse and lacking reason. The very proper English boys arrive on the island completely proper and refined, even to the point of instituting their own government. However, as the story progresses, the boys soon forget their past and release the savage from within themselves. In The Lord of the Flies, as the boys deteriorate as sensible people, their appearance, the conch shell, as well as Piggy’s glasses likewise begin to decay.
William Golding Lord of the Flies articulates the idea evil residing within every human through three characters. Jack is a boy who forgets about morals and compassion right after he is marooned. He becomes a deranged individual who destroys anything that stands in his path. Roger was directly influenced by Jack he represents the characteristics of sadism, bloodlust and cruelty which resides within every human heart. Ralph is a character who desperately tries to remain civilized and cultured but he eventually gives into his natural villainous instincts.
He uses many different symbols, such as the conch, Piggy 's glasses, and the fire to show the theme that evil lies within everyone. The readers notice, throughout the novel, a change in the way the boys act. At the beginning of the novel they are well civilized boys but as their fear grows and without guidance their savagery begins to grow also. The use of symbols help show this change in the boys. Golding writes, “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man 's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy”(225).
Later, when all of the savage-turned boys rip apart Simon because they mistake him for being the beast, Ralph cannot help but join in, revealing his true, immature nature. Throughout much of the beginning of the novel, Ralph believes that if the survivors worked together, they could survive on this island and at the same time have fun. He also thinks that the adults know where the boys are and that help is on the way. He has the natural mindset and character of an adolescent. On the other hand, Piggy is essentially the adult in the novel.
William Golding uses symbolism show that in times of survival all act upon a darker instinct that is already inside. The symbols aren’t just inanimate objects but characters also. For example; Piggy an overweight asthmatic kid who cannot see without his glasses, represents mental strength and physical weakness. With his keen mental strength Piggy tries to enforce a governmental system. “What’s better--- To have rules and agreeing or to hunt and kill?” (164) Piggy tries one last time to knock some sense into the unruly boy’s right before Roger murders him.
Rousseau’s ideas are shown throughout the novel by things such as the boys turning corrupt when they split into tribes and also through Piggy as the inequality of a man. On the other hand, Golding’s informative purpose is portrayed throughout the novel because as society is lost, the boys slowly return to savages.
As we see in Lord of the Flies, all of the boys except Simon feel the urge to destroy and kill. They go on wild hunts for pigs, hurt each other for entertainment, and form a wild tribe where everything is run by the tyrannical Jack and the sadistic Roger. Even Piggy and Ralph feel some of the others’ mob mentality when everyone, as a group, kills Simon, the only boy with a civilized heart. His death symbolizes how mankind kills off all notions of sympathy with its cruel and evil heart. If it were not for the moralizing effects of civilization, No humans would be present who pity others.