Based on several decades of cognitive science research on human learning, knowledge is domain specific and contextualized. Social experience and context play a role in the construction and development of knowledge (IRA Standards, 2010). Knowledge in the reading field includes archival research-based knowledge and practical knowledge that reflects the wisdom of practice. Knowledge represents the currently shared content of the reading field, subject to change over time as new knowledge and understandings are acquired. This is what drives educators into having their own philosophies of teaching.
Rooted from educational research, many studies have been conducted to examine various topics and areas that preceded teacher identity research. These studies include topics around teacher knowledge and beliefs, professional development, reflective practice and so on. This much effort and attention of educational research paid to the exploration of several research topics under different labels can be regarded as the precursors of teacher identity research. Hence the following sections will briefly review some of the key trends and movements preceding the establishment of teacher identity
Due to the importance of literacy in society, many theorist have developed theories to how humans acquire language. Literacy, literature and language acquisition are all important in understanding learning. Discuss the role played by Literature, specifically for learning, and more generally in society Literature has a vital role in educating learners of
In his view, literacy is a phenomenon that is created, shared, and changed by the members of a society. Gee (1996) similarly argues that becoming literate means apprenticeship with texts and apprenticeships in particular ways of being. In summary, literacy practices are not just about language, but about their interrelation with social practices. Such views influence both L1 and L2 reading studies. Kern (2000) explains the importance of the social and personal interpretation of reading, he says that readers have the freedom to interpret texts in any way they like if they do not deviate from the so-called interpretive constraints.
Additionally, Csizér and Dörnyei (2005), have also shown in their study the impact of educational instruments on learning integration. It was linked to "self-concept" that can be represented by the language choice and effort. The reader self-concept thus is an important element in influencing learners' literacy practices in the extent to which they evaluate themselves as readers.
Therefore, reading programs should take into consideration the literacy program philosophy about reading, unique characteristics of adult learners, strategies to be used and literacy environment. The purpose of literacy shapes the characteristics of a reading instruction in literacy programs. The mission and purpose of a particular program determines the teaching methods employed in reading. The REFLECT (Regenerated Freirean Literacy through Empowering Community Techniques) approach is a good example that illustrates the significance of a literacy philosophy in designing methods for teaching reading or writing. In this approach, literacy builds on new knowledge and leads to empowerment through discussion (Matrix for Discussing Program Elements, Handout ED 635-2011).
The concept of education is the sum of educational values of educators, educational ideals, and the aims of education. Conceptions of education and educational capabilities are in large part to reflect the level of scientific development for a certain period. Specifically, the level of technology development will affect their educational content; selection and use of teaching methods for educational to... ... middle of paper ... ...oduction process. The second revolution happened when words and writing instruments occurred, and using words and writing as important as dictated explain for educational tools. The third revolution was widely used textbooks as a fundamental basis for teaching, which occurred in the 17th and 18th century, during the rise of printing technology and papermaking technologies.
2. Do you think that the integrated approach is valuable for student learning within the Humanities? As suggested by Banks and McGee-Banks (2009), teachers must be transformative in their tactics to education and challenge mainstream understandings. They state that knowledge is swayed by human interests, and that an important purpose of education is to help individuals improve society (Banks & McGee-Banks, 2009, p134). In this context, it is shown that lesson must be integrated with other learning strands to assist in evoking students interest and in... ... middle of paper ... ...my understanding of planning for teaching and learning with the Humanities.
First, it examines the major philosophical systems and ideologies that have shaped educational thought and practice. Second, it outlines certain ideas from philosophy and ideology to illustrate how these disciplines contribute to educational theory. Third, in seeking to provide a context for educational philosophy, ideology, and theory, it includes biographical sketches of principal originators or contributors of leading ideas about education. The design of this text has effects in which philosophy, ideology, and theory are treated in a single volume. It will help to locate currently developing issues in education in this broader and more theoretical matrix.
Lately, the concepts of learner autonomy and independence had become important concepts in the area of teaching. The former has become a ‘vogue word’ within the context of linguistic communication learning. Autonomous learning is a technical jargon in education which means accepting responsibility and demanding charge of one’s own scholarship. There are many different learning schemes and factors that contribute to the achievement of learner independence as well. According to Sinclair (2001), learning autonomy is “independent learning, lifelong learning, learning to learn, and thinking skills”.