Freedom of Speech The First Amendment was ratified along with the American Bill of Rights in 1791. It is deprived from the English Bill of Rights, but there is a major difference. The English Bill of Rights only stretched the freedom of speech for Parliament, but the American Bill of Rights provided the right for all citizens ("First Amendment Freedom" 1). Thomas Jefferson and other Founding Fathers believed that all citizens should have no restrictions on what they wanted to say. This building belief was and still is essential for democracy to thrive ("First Amendment and" 1).
Locke believed that although we have a right to liberty, but that it did not give anybody the opportunity to abuse it. He states in The Second Treatise of Civil Government that,”… no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions” (Locke 2). Similarly, Locke believes that we are granted these rights by the government from birth. Locke says that a government has a duty to preserve the rights of the people. But if they were to fail in that aspect, Locke says that rebellion is permissible.
Factions and the Constitution The framers designed the Constitution in such a way as to lessen the influence of political parties in American government, however at the same time, the very essence to the formation of political parties, liberty, was left in the Constitution. Both Madison and Schattschneider cite that while the Constitution does not support factions, it cannot abolish them because of the fact that the Constitution was designed to protect the liberties of the citizens. They both go on to say that liberty is the spark, which causes political parties to develop. In Madison's Federalist 10, it is evident that he was not in favor of the formation of factions. He states, "…The public good is often disregarded in the conflicts of rival parties…" Madison made the point that the dangers of factions can only be limited by controlling its effects.
We should not focus our lives so vigorously on gaining benefits from our country, but instead we should work to provide for our nation and for its proud citizens. We are all individuals, and we all have our own beliefs and talents; the government is in place to represent our interests and our vision for America, so in order for us to achieve our goals, we need to devote our time to our country. Socrates was right when he said that as citizens we should obey the government, and if we do not agree, then we should work to make change happen for the better. But his strong word choice, ‘must’, implies that under no circumstances should we have to disagree with the way things are run.
They believed that having stronger state governments would accomplish this. The leaders of a state were closer to the people they were governing; therefore they should know what the public needed. Document B refers to Jefferson’s belief in the strict interpretation of the Constitution, especially when it is about the freedom of religion. “Certainly no power to prescribe any religious exercise, or to assume authority in religious... ... middle of paper ... ...zed that some of their principles had to change. The country would never stay united if the country kept advancing and the government stayed stagnant.
No one reserves any rights by which he can claim to judge of his own conduct” (Strauss and Cropsey 1987, 568). In conclusion, Locke influenced the Founders of the United States heavily. The rights of man in the preservation of their property, lives and liberty have been guaranteed because of these ideas. Hume, though a skeptic, I believe would not be as skeptical now because there is now history of a government by the consent of the governed. Rousseau’s ideas have been vanquished by Locke’s ideas.
If the government “derviv[ed] their just powers” from the people, not from divine authority, as it was with Britain and other monarchies, then it followed that the government would only be able to exercise powers in the areas allocated by the people and, therefore, would be limited to their purview alone (Cummings 2015, 64). This was an important point because it ensured the America would never be under the illegitimate rule of a tyrant again. This idea directly connected to the final important principle of government the Declaration laid out; the right to revolution. If a government had become “destructive of these ends”, such as failing to protect the people’s rights or abusing the
The intentions of the Fathers was never to create a democracy, what they wanted to do was to allow people to vote for their representatives, so that those chosen would be able to make new additions to law as well as govern the rest and choose what would be for greater good, for everyone else, with good intentions and greater knowledge and wisdom. The Founding Fathers weren’t the first to come up with this idea, the Roman Republic fascinated them in every way, from their architecture, all the way down to their art, but what captured the attention of the Fathers was the form of government the Romans had. Although many Americans want to believe that we are a democracy because of “We the people”, to call it so would make them incorrect, because there is no such thing as being governed by the people, we fall through with being governed by others who we choose to
The first document our Founding Fathers created was called the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation was a good start for a young country, but not something the Founding Fathers wanted to base the future of the country on. That is why writing the Constitution was the best decision our Founding Fathers ever made. The Articles of Confederation was approved on the 15th of November in 1777 by the Second Continental Congress. The Founding Fathers had decided that because the United States had just gained their independence from a strong central government (England), they did not want to create another government like that.
The general gist was to create non-tyrannical state, more importantly to declare the independence and to separate both politically and economically from British monarchy. The Declaration of Independence consisted of three pieces of Jefferson’s view on the need of separation from British monarchy. At the same time, colonists were benefitted from the British government by a treaty, however it did not provide any political authority over nation, soon the colonies had united to abolish British control, and they had less interest to allow them to meddle in their internal matters. The determination to create the constitution was to establish powerful government and sustain the democracy by avoid forming tyranny. The Constitution enabled the opportunity to form the federal government which based on the taxation with regard to create their own defense army as well as created judiciary and foreign relations (Ryan, 2012).