Ironically, this award had led to another one; being entitled as the worst light polluted city in the world. Light pollution had been a major phenomenon in the last few decades, particularly in urban areas. It was mainly caused by outdoor lights that scattered in the atmosphere and eventually reflected back to the ground. According to a survey conducted by physicists from University of Hong Kong, the light pollution in Hong Kong was so severe, to the extent that the urban night skies were averagely 100 times brighter than the skies at darkest rural sites. Moreover, in Mong Kok, the light pollution level recorded was even 500 times higher than the rural sites on Lantau Island (Pun & Chu, 2007).
In 1997, air pollution was reported to be the cause of almost 100,000 premature deaths. The World Health Organization (WHO) has stated that health issues now cause 1,500,000 annual deaths from air pollution levels alone in China. Since 1980, the death rate due to lung cancer has quadrupled and has now been listed as China’s deadliest type of cancer. It is possible that emission levels from coal power stations alone in 2011 contributed to 250,000 premature deaths that year. While people of all ages are affected by pollution, children are the most susceptible.
Starting out during the 1980’s air pollution began a serious problem in China when many large cities underwent great economic developments (Air pollution). The pollution in China took away 25 million healthy years of life from the population (Wrong). In 2010 the pollution from China was ranked seventh on the world wide list of risk factors next to high blood pressure and smoking (Wrong). Making manufactured good for other countries, China undergoes lots of air pollution from the cheap products their making. In 2013 the air pollution had risen 10% in a year , the northern Chinese city of Harbin was largely shut down due to thick blanket of smog (Desilver).
The Standard, n.p. Retrieved November 27, 2013 from the World Wide Web: http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=30&art_id=134996&sid=39876288&con_type=1 Hong Kong SAR Government, Environmental Protection Department. (2013). Hong Kong’s environment – Waste. Hong Kong: Author.