Smartly, Russia sends Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan, who held business contacts in the US, to the states as a guest of the Russian ambassador. Fidel hears of Mikoyan’s arrival in the US and invites him to visit Cuba. Although Mikoyan is traveling throughout the island, looking things over, Castro still has not identified himself as a Communist quite yet. In May of 1960, diplomatic relations between Russia and Cuba are established following Mikoyan’s visit to the island. One reason why Cuba has turned to Russia is because the US had cut off their oil supplies and imposed an economic embargo on the island because of the naturalization of US owned companies and citizens by the Cuban government.
The danger of nuclear conflict between the Soviet Union and the U.S. started in October when John F. Kennedy announced quarantine on all communist shipping carrying arms to Cuba. “This tension did not go away until John F. Kennedy stated Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev agr... ... middle of paper ... ... to Cuba maybe rekindled. Works Cited Adams, David, and Daniel Trotta. "U.S. Policy Change on Cuba Stalled." Reuters.
Is the Cuban Embargo a cruel reminder of the Cold war, or is it an important factor of American Democracy fighting the spread of Communism? The Cuban Embargo was a declaration issued by American President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. The embargo was issued because of the threat that the Communist government of Cuba, led by Fidel Castro in 1959, had on American security, assets and democracy at the height of the Cold War. Some 1.8 billion worth of industrial assets were lost with Cuban communist nationalization. (Mr. D’Angelo personal interview) In support, constant influence of the Soviet Union during the early 1960s, particularly the time between 1961 and 1962, led to the creation of the embargo.
The Cuban Embargo, also known as “el bloqueo” to Cuban citizens, was declared by the United States in 1960 to eliminate imports of Cuban goods. When the embargo was first set, it was only to eliminate food and medicine, but then on Feb. 7th, 1962 the embargo was extended to all exports. President Kennedy announced the embargo citing, “the subversive offensive of Sino-Soviet communism with which the government of Cuba is publicly aligned” (Galeano). “We have a hemispheric commitment to freedom and democracy and respect for human rights”, said Jose Cardenas, a former National Security Council staffer on Cuba. With only 90 miles of sea between the U.S. and Cuba the embargo chokes off Cuba’s number one trade partner and tourism of the island.
It granted Cuba its own independence with the stipulation that the US could intervene in the country’s affairs if necessary. Then came the Cuban revolution in 1951 and Fidel Castro’s guerrillas took over President General Batista government. Castro’s Marxist-Leninist ways took over the whole island and began to tax the U.S. heavily. President Eisenhower responded by imposing trade restrictions on everything except food and medical supplies. Castro then expanded its trade with the Soviet Union and the U.S responded by cutting all diplomatic ties.
Though since the nation of Cuba was lead by communist leader Fidel Castro, they blocked all American relations from Cuba because the U.S didn't want anything to do with the communist party. Although there were many occasions where it impacted both America and Cuba, the Cuban Missile Crisis had the most effect on their long lasting fight ("Cuban Missile Crisis"). It all began after World War II, The Cold War which was a struggle between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union. Although direct military warfare never took place, diplomatic and economic struggles occurred. It began when Joseph Stalin, leader of the Communist Party, used the Red Army to take control of most of the countries of Eastern Europe.
A UN inspection team was assigned to monitor the removal of the missiles and the demolition of the missile bases in Cuba. Then, the Soviet Navy shipped the missiles back to the USSR. The missiles were sent back on the decks of the ships so that American reconnaissance planes could count the missiles and make sure that all had been removed. Nine months after the crisis ended, Kennedy and Khrushchev signed an agreement to ban nuclear testing in the atmosphere. This marked the beginning of what seemed to be a new willingness to cooperate and communicate.
In desperation Castro turned to the soviets for balance of powers to weigh up the balance of communism ideologies. In February 1960, Castro signed a trade pact with the Soviets, which eventually led to close diplomatic relations. At this time the US Government became more worried that a communist superpower had ventured so close to her borders. By authority of Eisenhower, Cuban Exiles that were in the US at the time were given aid. At the same time the CIA began to train selected groups of the exiles to re - enter their homeland and over - throw Castro's Government.
Before the secret military mission, the embargo on trade had already started with Cuba, which banned everything but food and medication. But after the mission, tension grew even higher and all imports were unobtainable. In today’s society most people think the trade ban with Cuba should be lifted. For example Jeff Bingaman makes a ... ... middle of paper ... ... Atlantic Monthly (10727825) 311.1 (2013): 73-81. Literary Reference Center.
All of the evidence, be it economic, diplomatic, or social, points to yes. We should lift the embargo. The United States embargo of Cuba has its roots planted in 1960, 53 years ago, when “the United States Congress authorized President Eisenhower to cut off the yearly quota of sugar to be imported from Cuba under the Sugar act of 1948… by 95 percent” (Hass 1998, 37). This was done in response to a growing number of anti-American developments during the height of the cold war, including the “expropriation of United States-owned properties on the island… [and] the Soviet Union [agreeing] to purchase sugar from Cuba and to supply Cuba with crude oil” (Hass 1998, 37). Bad sentiments continued to pile up as Cuba imposed restrictions on the United States Embassy and especially when, after the United States “officially broke off diplomatic ties with Cuba, and travel by United States citizens to Cuba was forbidden ... Castro openly proclaimed his revolution to be ‘socialist’” (Hass 1998, 38).