23 Jan. 2011. MacColl, Alan. "KING ARTHUR AND THE MAKING OF AN ENGLISH BRITAIN." History Today 49.3 (1999): 7. Gale World History In Context.
As the French, Dutch and British began their exploration of the Caribbean, Spain was encouraged expedite its settlement of its existing colonies. Rapid settlement, coupled with Charles III’s 1789 policy of free trade in African slavery, led to the development of plantations, and a slave society (Howard, 2). By the beginning of the nineteenth century the stage was set for Cuba to become the biggest sugar producer in the world. The previous leading producer, San Domingue had almost lost its hold on the sugar trade altogether, due to the revolution. The United States was newly independent form European rules and looking for new trade partners; there was an opening in the market.
¬History In the early times before Christopher Columbus arrived in Jamaica, a group of Indians called the Arawak Indians lived on the island. Columbus made landfall on Jamaica in 1494, and with his arrival the existence of the Arawak Indians was erased and the Spanish took control of the island for roughly 150 years. With the Spanish in control of the land, they brought in slaves from Africa. The Spanish ruled the country until 1655 when Britain attacked the Spanish and took control and made Jamaica a colony of Britain until 1962 (Jamaica – History of Jamaica). In 1958, along with other Caribbean colonies and islands controlled by the British, Jamaica joined the Federation of the West Indies.
Colonization of the island began in 1511, when the Spanish soldier Diego Velázquez established the town of Baracoa. Velázquez subsequently founded several other settlements, including Santiago de Cuba in 1514 and Havana in 1515. The Spanish transformed Cuba into a supply base for their expeditions to Mexico and Florida. As a result of savage treatment and exploitation, the aborigines became, by the middle of the 16th century, nearly extinct, forcing the colonists to depend on imported black slaves for the operation of the mines and plantations. Despite frequent raids by buccaneers and naval units of rival and enemy powers, the island prospered throughout the 16th and 17th centuries.
Rudyard Kipling, Joseph Conrad and Colonialism. 2007. Web. 28th April. 2011
Christopher Columbus’s Vacation Spot After Christopher Columbus found St. Kitts and Nevis, both the British and the French fought over territorial rule. St. Kitts was first named Liamuiga (Fertile Island), and Nevis was named Oualie (Beautiful Waters). When Christopher Columbus discovered these islands, he renamed St. Kitts “San Christóbal”, or St. Christopher; and Nevis was renamed “Santa Maria de las Nieves”, or Our Lady of the Snows. The first settlers of St. Kitts were the Arawak and Carib Indians, and British and French people started settling next in 1623 - 1628. From 1675 to 1730, Nevis was the main hub of African slave trade in the Caribbean.
The first English expedition for pursuing trade in the Indies was unsuccessful due to Portuguese and Dutch control over the spice trade. James Lancaster was one of the few to return from the voyage. The expedition was unprofitable and those who returned lacked ships (Sears 44). The British and Dutch had more access to the spice trade after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. Earlier, “the Spanish and Portuguese had a monopoly of the East Indies spice trade” (Landow, “The British East India Company”).