Before factories and big machines, manufacturing was known to be done in people’s homes using their own tools and techniques. In the eighteenth and nineteenth century, farming was the way of life, but a great transition would quickly come into power. The Industrial Revolution improved the everyday life when unique machinery was introduced; an era of multiple economic upgrades. Towns were transformed into thriving cities, access to transportation and manufactured goods was simpler, the standard of living and conditions were improved, population increased, more jobs were available, and new technological innovations were made. The lives of many people were finally opened to better benefits. The Industrial Revolution began in England in the mid …show more content…
The Industrial Revolution dramatically changed every aspect of human life and lifestyles. It started in the mid 1700s in Great Britain when machinery began to replace manual labor. Fossil fuels replaced wind, water, and wood, that were used primarily for the manufacture of textiles and the development of iron making processes. “In the 1780s, American textile companies offered rewards to English mill workers to bring knowledge of textile mills to America. Samuel Slater happened to be one of these Englishmen. Since it was illegal to export textile technology from Britain, Slater memorized the construction plans of a textile factory. Slater built the machinery for a textile mill from memory. His factory produced cotton of great quality. In the 1790s, Slater and his partners opened many other textile mills. He is considered the founder of the American textile industry because his bringing of English technology to the United States began the Industrial Revolution.”(Podar) The textile industry was the first industry to be reformed. “Throughout, popular demand played a crucial role, and in mid-eighteenth-century Britain cotton producers could not keep up with the demand for their products. In response they introduced a series of technological innovations designed to speed up the manufacturing …show more content…
Transportation was important because people were moving to live in the city. During this time period, moving heavy products such as coal and iron was cheaper through waterways. Due to this, canals were adjusted to be widened and deepened to allow more boats to pass. During that time period people would travel using animals or by foot, but there were many problems with the states of the roads. They were in bad conditions for being muddy, flooding easily, and filled with stones. This made travel by wagon very tough and risky. Around 1820, Scottish engineer, John McAdam developed a new process for road construction. His technique became known as macadam, crushed rocks in thin layers, which resulted in roads that were more even, less muddy, and indestructible with the addition of large flat stones. Robert Fulton made the first steam-powered engine to power a steamboat. His steamboat was capable to transport raw materials across the Atlantic Ocean by the mid 1800's. Soon after, roads across America were improved based on these techniques. the work of the railroad pioneers became the basis for the great mid-century surge of railroad building that would link the nation together as never before. Railroads eventually became the nation's number one transportation system, and remained so until the construction of the interstate highway system
Transportation improved from the market revolution through many new inventions, railroads, steamboats, and canals. Pressure for improvements in transportation came at least as much from cities eager to buy as from farmers seeking to sell. The first railroad built was in 1792, it started a spread throughout the states. Cumberland which began to be built in 1811 and finished in 1852, known to be called the national road stretched over five hundred miles from Cumberland to Illinois. By 1821, there were four thousand miles of turnpike in the United States. Turnpikes were not economical to ship bulky goods by land across long distance across America, so another invention came about. Robert Fulton created steam boats in 1807; he named his first one ‘Clermont.’ These steam boats allowed quick travel upriver against the currents, they were also faster and cheaper. The steamboats became a huge innovation with the time travel of five miles per hour. It also stimulated agricultural economy of west by providing better access to markets at lower cost. While steamboats were conquering the western rivers, canals were being constructed in the northeastern states. The firs...
The Industrial Revolution was an age of great change and growth throughout the world. It represented change from 1760 and on. The movement started in Great Britain and impacted everything from manufacturing processes to the daily life of every average citizen. The social impacts of the Industrial Revolution greatly impacted the world for years to come.
The English Industrial Revolution (1760-1830) was characterized by the new technologies and the prosperity of textile industry and coal mining industry. In short, new production methods and high productivity reduced the amount of human forces needed in agriculture but also created a huge demand of labor for sectors that began to develop. Consequently, a lot of peasants, workers and artisans were obliged to move to industrial regions, and changed then completely the life style.
The factory system was the key to the industrial revolution. The factory system was a combination of Humans and new technology. New technology was arriving every day. The greatest invention during this time was the steam engine. The creation of the steam engine was credited to James Watt. There had been other steam engines before James Watt’s but none of them were efficient. Watt’s engine was the first efficient engine that could be used in a factory. The steam engine had the strength of ten thousand men.(Pollard) This was not the only invention that helped the factory system evolve. Textiles were a major product of the Industrial Revolution. Production was slow at first in the factory. In 1764, a British inventor named James Hargraves invented the “Spinning Jenny.” This lowered production time which enabled the factory to produce more per day. In 1773, John Kay, an English inventor, created the “flying shuttle” which lowered the production time even more.(Encarta) If production had not been speed up, the Industrial Revolution would have not had that big of effect as it did in North America.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition of labor intensive production methods to machine production methods. This Revolution began in England in the 18th century and ended in the 19th century. The introduction of the Industrial Revolution influenced the daily life of an individual and increased the standard of living for nations worldwide participating in this revolution. Without the Industrial Revolution, refined inventions of today would not have been invented thus creating a slower and less effective method of producing goods and services in large quantities. The Industrial Revolution is the most important Revolution to occur in man’s existence on earth, and has opened door to assist man in understanding and conquering great obstacles in this environment.
The Industrial Revolution brought mass advancements in technology to the people in Great Britain, Europe and in other places in the world during the time of 1750-1850. Britain’s wealth, population, technology, education and resources led to it being the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. While the Industrial Revolution increased work wages, it also consequently resulted in harsh punishments, poor living conditions, and deadly accidents. The living conditions of Great Britain developed into a very poor country due to overpopulation because of the Industrial Revolution. The houses they lived in were very dilapidated and not in great condition for people to live in.
Throughout the Industrial Revolution in 1780 there were many positive and negative effects that resulted during this time including technologies were improving, machinery that was making travel, luxuries and comfort better, and poor working/ living conditions. The Industrial Revolution was when societies in Europe and America started invent machines, which made manufacturing of products quicker, easier, and cheaper. Before all these machines in factories were created, the economy was all based on farming and peoples abilities to make products to sell. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain in the 1780’s and to Western Europe and the United States throughout the 18th Century. It began in Great Britain because there was good weather
A major cause for the Industrial Revolution was the enormous spurt of population growth in England. The increase in population meant that there were more people in surplus from agricultural jobs, and they had to find work in industrial factories. Enclosure brought forth a great increase in farming production and profits. Farming was improved through the use of crop rotation, enclosures, and the division on farms across England. Crops that were grown consisted of turnips, barley, clover, wheat. This improvement in farming caused a population explosion, which soon led to a higher demand for goods. The new means of production demanded new kinds of skills, new regulation in work, and a large labor force. The goods produced met immediate consumer demand and also created new demands. In the long run, industrialization raised the standard of living and overcame the poverty that most Europeans, who lived d...
The time that is known as Industrial Revolution started about in 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This era was a period that some fundamental changes affect the textile manufacture, metallurgy, agriculture and transportation. Industrial Revolution means the devolution from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron process. The Revolution started in England and within a little time spread in some countries of Europe and United States.
The first key player in the American industrial revolution was Francis Cabot Lowell. In 1810, in Waltham, Massachusetts, Lowell was responsible for building the first American factory for converting raw cotton into finished cloth. Large factories were built along the river to house the new water driven power looms for weaving textiles. At the same time that more factories were built to keep up with the growing demands of the consumer, the numbers of immigrants to the United States grew (Kellogg). This new labor force could be employed with even less pay and provided with a much lower standard of housing. This in turn increased the profit margi...
In the United States the entire infrastructure was effected. Roads, waterways, and railroads were all revolutionized along with the technology used on all three of these methods to travel. Roads in the United States before the Industrial Revolution were scarce and not in good condition. People struggled to travel roads because of all the bumps and carriages and animals had problems traveling. Congress recognized this issue and in 1817 authorized the construction of the national road.
The Industrial Revolution was a time of great change in the world and changed the way many products were manufactured. Originating in England and Great Britain, its effects spread across the globe and influenced the way people lived and worked and lead to the modern world known today. While it did not always have positive effects, through imperialism, Britain’s Industrial Revolution brought about technological innovations that transformed the world and its economies.
What came to be known as the Industrial Revolution transformed not only the working environment, but also implemented new ideologies on economic activity, political thinking, and social interactions between two distinct modern classes. The Industrial Revolution changed the techniques of production, manufacture, the organization and location of work, the workers and employers roles within industries. Industrialization began in England in the late 1700s, and would spread to other parts of Europe, and beyond. These industrial changes were inevitable and were a direct result through conquest, colonial rule, and trade. The new inventions and technologies to production made the manufacture of goods more efficient than ever.
Horn, Jeff, Leonard N. Rosenband, and Merritt Roe Smith. Reconceptualizing the Industrial Revolution. Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and Technology. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2010.