The ideals and the composition of liberals and conservatives are radically different at times, and yet these same beliefs work together to make up the basic framework of American political thought. They both have the same goals for prosperity and yet they have polar opposite ways of achieving them. Ideologically, they are at odds with the size of government and the role that it plays. Some want big government that provides for people, while others elect for a small government that does not interfere with the lives of people. As is expected liberals tend to vote for certain issues that conservatives will disagree with and vice versa.
There are conservative democrats, such as, Jim Costa and Jim Cooper and there are liberal republicans, such as, Nathaniel Banks and George Washington Julian. Another name for conservative democrats would be blue dog democrats while the nickname for liberal republicans is the Rockefeller republicans. These two ideologies tend to be more of the centrist ideologies. Modern liberals tend to be members of the Democratic Party because they support a wide range of welfare programs and government support of the public sector and tighter corporate regulations (PP Modern Liberalism). U.S.
Classical liberal ideas often form the basis for opposition to the use of government to attain social objectives. They stress instead reliance on private initiatives or the free market to determine the best outcomes. Liberals believe in the government action the allows equal opportunities and equality for all. Liberals have a more fact-based, rather than faith-based, ideology. They are not so motivated by self-serving but actually negative emotions, such as prejudice, greed and fear, and thus can see the great advantages to a society of justice for all The basic duty of the government is to protect the common good and private rights of individuals.
For liberals it all culminates in the belief for a larger, more involved government. Conservatives on the other hand believe in a government that focuses on people’s individual responsibility and freedom. By doing so they believe that people will work to better themselves and provide for themselves. Conservatives also believe in a limed government that only provides basic functions for the people. For conservatives it all culminates in the principle of a smaller, less involved government.
Patterson (2008) wrote that conservatives believe that government need to be economical in its systems (less government), but use its ability to maintain the traditions of the union. Conservatism tends to be critical of proposals for profound social change. Some Conservatives tend to seek reform of society slowly over time. This ideology tends to seek organic changes to society versus a revolutionary approach. According to Shively (2014) believe that a society must consist of structure and order (p. 31).
Modern liberals are also fond of the ideology of mixed economies; they believe that there should be less definitive class separation and that there should be a strong mixture of people from different kind of backgrounds mixed together in an economical community. Not like classical liberalism, there is a certain compound of despotism within the modern liberal act. In the past, liberalism was used to literally emancipate people from the rule of kings and tyrants. Modern liberalism is now imposing its principles onto people who are not interested in focusing their lives around how their country can help them; it is a forced campaign that is behaving more like a tyranny than any other liberal beliefs have ever
To liberalists, economic freedom is more important than economic equality. Socialists believe that citizens are best served by policies focused on meeting the basic needs of the entire society rather than an individual. All citizens should work equally as hard and put in equal contributions. The goal is equality. While liberalists and socialists have the same intentions of creating the best nations, that are peaceful and prosperous, they have very different views and approaches on how to create said nations.
In conclusion liberalism is not entirely compatible with democracy - some important liberal ideas, in particular the principle that every individual opinion should be taken into account, directly conflict with the system of democracy. However, in many other ways democracy does correspond with liberal values - it provides political equality for example, and protects the rights of the people against overly strong governments. In general, I feel that liberalism has been able to adapt and fit in with democracy, despite the problem of trying to balance popular participation against the protection of individual rights.
Conservative policies generally emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems. Conservatives seek to stop the growing entitlement programs, encourage individual responsibility, and look to return constitutionally mandated power to the states. Conservatism sees a nation of people capable of solving their own problems with minimal government help, as long as the people are free. Liberals, on the other hand, are described as being favorable to progress or reform, as in political or religious affairs. Liberals believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all.
Within the UK, the staunch pro-life views have eased in parliament but there are still strong figures who firmly support the viewpoint including Jacob Rees-Mogg. Recently, he said “with abortion, it is something that is done to the unborn child. That is different… life is sacrosanct.” Burke’s idea that the living bear responsibility to past generations as well as those still to come gives us insight into the reasoning why an overwhelming number of conservatives are pro-life. Rees-Mogg’s statement shows how conservatives are adverse to change in this instance on religious grounds but also in their eyes, to protect future generations and the life of the unborn. They have, however, accepted it as it was an organic change that was demand driven.