Once the United States could not find any WMDs, they attempted to justify their invasion as a humanitarian endeavor. This post-hoc justification called into question whether the Iraq War was actually a humanitarian intervention. The 2003 war represents one of the first times a group of intervening states have justified their actions citing the humanitarian outcomes that came about from non-humanitarian concerns. A major concern with the Iraq War was that the United Nation’s Security Council did not authorize the intervention, calling to question the legality of the invasion. In a pre-emptive strike the United States was able to topple Saddam Hussein’s regime but may have caused more problems as a power vacuum formed in the absence of the Iraqi leader.
Unfortunately sometimes it is best to stay on our own turf. If America interferes too much, things like Vietnam will happen. The main reason for the U.S entering the war was to stop Communist expansion. But Digital History says that “ The war's critics also rejected the notion that the war was necessary to halt Chinese expansionism, noting that Vietnamese history revealed centuries Juanico 2 of bitter enmity between Vietnam and China.” (Digital History 1) Another reason why the United states should have stayed out of Vietnam is because it Wasn’t necessary for ... ... middle of paper ... ...raid of anything that is different. When there is a country that has a different system of government, America goes in to change it.
Johnson used these events to gain congressional approval to enter into Vietnam. However the Tonkin Gulf Incident was questioned to have even happened which makes the war undoubtedly questionable Immediately after the incident . Many troops were killed in Vietnam and the United States eventually lost the war and does not achieve their goal to stop communism. Despite the large amount of conflict in Vietnam that needed to be resolved, escalating the war was the wrong idea by Johnson, as the many consequences of the war for the United States outweighed the potential spread of communism. Once Lyndon B. Johnson became president he had to ma... ... middle of paper ... ...e both of them work the United States economy suffered because spending was clearly increased.
America fearing communism was growing, stepped into Vietnam with America’s interest in mind, instead of Vietnam’s. There are several reason why American should have not gotten involved with this war. The most important reason was that America government officials made to much of a big deal about communism. This might sound cynical, but America to a certain degree did over react. Let it be said that it is much easier to say this after the fact.
Another lesson that Americans learned from the Vietnam conflict was the negative impact of domestic dissent (236-238). It caused governmental hesitation in Congress and anti-war protests, led by the media on the public. This resulted in the under minding of the troops which led to the loss of t... ... middle of paper ... ...tates has learned from past military mistakes was well made and proven. In his article, "The Lessons and Ghosts of Vietnam" Lorenzo M. Crowell deems that the lessons the United States has learned in Vietnam are important to apply to future conflicts. Even though Crowell has some dubious issues that he omits in the article about what really happened in Desert Storm, his overall article is proficient.
To stop the spread of communism President Johnson told Congress that North Vietnam attacked one of the American ships first. We would later find out that is was a lie to get get Congress to pass the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. This document states that “ Resolved by the Senate and House if Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression. (Document A)” This document then threw off the check and balance because now it was giving the president to much power. Once we went to war we thought it was going to be fast, at least thats what Johnson wanted America to believe.
American Failure in Vietnam Originally, America opted to provide South Vietnam with arms and funding rather than taking combat action. During March 1965, President Lyndon Johnston took the decision to involve American in full-scale combat. During a time when social injustice was resulting in mass protest and demonstrations, the decision to take action in Vietnam raised more concerns with civil rights activists. As the situation intensified and the scenes from Vietnam became more horrific, public and political support declined and involvement in anti-war groups increased. The Government could no longer convince the people that American involvement was necessary in what many grew to believe was an unjustifiable war.
The turning point of the US involvement was the assassination of JFK. Foreign policy in the United States had been extremely straight forward following WWII. There was no question that the standards for foreign policy would have dictated the massive involvement in Vietnam had two other people been in office during Kennedy and Johnson’s era. The Uniqueness of Kennedy’s foreign policy, and his approach which made him so loved would have dominated over the opinions of McNamara in 1964. But because Kennedy was killed, and the country was in turmoil, and Johnson’s less strict foreign policy, the advice of McNamara was taken more seriously and the US went to very violent conflict in Vietnam.
B. Summary of Evidence The Tonkin Gulf Resolution (August 10, 1964) started when congress responded to two alleged attacks on United States ships in the Gulf of Tonkin. Lyndon B. Johnson asked Congress to support a move of building up troops in South Vietnam to protect the U.S. ally from Communist invasion. Johnson was given permission to find a way of guarding against any military attacks against United States forces in Vietnam. The resolution stated, “"The United States regards as vital to its national interest and to world peace the maintenance of international peace and security in Southeast Asia” also giving Johnson the right to “take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.” The contention of this is that a majority of the Congress supported the Tonkin Gulf Resolution while being under the assumption that it will not invoke a larger war, whereas Johnson used it as such.
Therefore, another set of reasons why the Vietnam War happened that marked the history of both Vietnam and America. As you can see, many factors caused the Vietnam War from the US Involvement with the South Vietnamese troops, to many ideologies, to Vietnam’s involvement in the Indochina war, and to the charismatic leader of Ho Chi Minh and his Viet Minh. All, and many others, help cause the war and form what is known to be one of the most daunting and unforgettable wars in the 20th Century. Bibliography: World Book 2005, World Book Publishers, Author Unknown Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2003. © 1993-2002 Microsoft Corporation.