As a future elementary school teacher, I would like to teach my students how to respect and understand people who come from different backgrounds, cultures, ethnicities, and people with special needs. Children need to be made aware of differences in people that way they can become more tolerant and understanding. Over the past semester we have learned about a lot of different philosophers that all have different ideas relating to teaching children and people in general. Matthew Lipman is the founder of Philosophy for Children, a program many teachers have implemented into their classrooms that teaches children critical thinking and reasoning skills. Critical thinking and reasoning skills are important tools that children must learn.
“In a differentiated classroom, the teacher assumes that learners have differing needs. Therefore the teacher proactively plans a variety of ways to ‘get at’ and express learning” (Tomlinson, 2001, p. 3). Planning for a variety of teaching strategies does not mean giving more work to the smart children. Instead the teacher must assess who understands the material, who is struggling, who needs to be challenged and decide what or how to teach the students from there (Tomlinson, 2001). Differentiation should occur naturally and involve individual, class and group work to allow for the differences in all students and all subjects of study (Tomlinson, 2001).
Mainstreaming asks the question: "WHERE can this child be successful?" Whereas, inclusion asks: Where does this child or regular classroom teacher need support?" The Individuals With Disabilities Act (IDEA), was signed into law in 1975. IDEA requires that schools educate students with disabilities in the least restrictive environment possible, and it also ensures to the maximum extent possible, children with disabilities be educated with those who are nondisabled. This implies that the least restrictive environment is the general education classroom.
Students with cerebral palsy face a number of challenges to learning due to physical and communication difficulties resulting from their impairment. To meet the learning and communication needs of a student with cerebral palsy requires the teacher to implement a number of strategies to ensure inclusion. Strategies most pertinent to their learning and communication needs involve adjustments to the classroom environment, curriculum and pedagogy. As communication is fundamental to their ability to learn and interact in the classroom, strategies to overcome communication difficulties and maximise participation in the classroom are essential. Communication is essential for all people as it allows us to learn and demonstrate knowledge, have control over our environment, share our feelings and explain our needs.
Dyslexia is a congenital disorder characterized by unexpected difficulty learning to decode and spell words in relation to one’s verbal intelligence, motivation, and educational opportunities (Gray E. S, 2008). People have many misconceptions regarding dyslexia which includes visual impairment, low IQ, dyslexia is curable, and this learning disability affects males more often than females. Indicators of dyslexia change over time since it is a process of developmental. It is difficult to identify children with dyslexia; however it becomes more prominent as they progress in school. Experts agree that dyslexia is a learning disability that affects language processing and that it does not occur because of low intelligence, lack of motivation, poor instruction, vision, or hearing problems, cultural disadvantages, or other extrinsic.
There are also students who are adva... ... middle of paper ... ...on in today`s schooling is Differentiating Instruction, which is simply to change ones teaching methods to help cater to each individual student’s needs. With issues ranging from class size, fixed budgets, how every student learns differently, students with special needs, advanced students to inequality among different levels of students it is a challenge for educators to overcome. Teachers should identify with each student to understand how they study as an individual, and how they teach to their students. Teachers must differentiate by determining what students already know through pre-tests taken at the beginning of the class, getting individually acquainted with each student and their problems, having student activates and each students interests and concerns. Taking all of these things into consideration, a teacher can then better cater to the class as a whole.
All we learn in some way relies on us connecting it somehow to something we already know. Tacit knowledge requires a synthesis of previous experience into the inner workings of the mind and memory. Certainly, other educational theorists saw the importance of this in the classroom. Some ways children use tacit knowledge is in the different interactions between other children and to adults, crying in the classroom to signify pain, confusion, and anger, etc. John Dewey's Experience and Education speaks specifically to this concept.
The obligation as an SNT is to be knowledgeable about the different types of disabilities to assure that it may be taught to any child who comes into the classroom. As a special education teacher becoming able to communicate and understand the student is a very big accomplishment. Knowing that the child will need different tactics to learn, different ways are too teach the child in their own pace. Learn and study what the child likes, and how they learn more with that tactic. How would they be able to absorb the tea... ... middle of paper ... ...rom http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.lib.kaplan.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=2&sid=2d246354-c341-458b-862e-0962242fa4e1%40sessionmgr4005&hid=4203 U.S. Office of Education.
Therefore, reviewing some of the strategies that may contribute to the reading success of diverse students in the classroom will be significant. For example, once the effective teacher determining what each student is ready to learn, he or she must then connect students learning needs to effective teaching strategies which consist of designing lessons plans. All these must begins the first day of school. Also, teachers must know how to communicate expectations and rules clearly within a positive classroom climate to release any possible fear or stress students may have. In addition, teachers must be able to identify through their assessments what learning abilities each student had already developed and teach him or her accordingly in order to minimize the amount of time taken away from instruction.
Students with disabilities have educational rights under a special law called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) which mandates that students with disabilities have a free and appropriate education (Curry School of Education, n/d). The law requires that special needs students should also be placed in the least restrictive environment (LRE) suitable for their needs(Curry School of Education, n/d). The LRE for some students is often the g... ... middle of paper ... ...ed/resource classrooms and express their opinions on this matter. L., Peter and John (1994). Learning Disabilities.