Les Cathedrales

827 Words4 Pages
Les Cathedrales Les Cathedrales are an important part of almost any society. They provide the communities in which they stand with an amazing sense of prosperity and pride. The term cathedral derives from the Latin word Cathedra, which means throne for the bishop. A cathedral is the bishops church, the administrative center of the dioceses and the spiritual center for the entire region. In le moyen age cathedrals also served as the focus of city life. The construction of these important cultural edifices was a long, tedious and extremely painstaking process. The building of these immense structures took anywhere from thirty to almost 90 years. The main architectural types used during the time period were Romanesque and gothic. These two architectural types were somewhat similar but had some very noticeable differences. Romanesque architecture bloomed between 800ad and 1100ad. It was the start of a new era for the building of cathedrals. Some of the defining characteristics of the Romanesque age were the rounded arches in the ceiling patterns and the limited height of the buildings. The Romanesque type cathedral was built more for function than style. The heavy roof was supported by interior-columns and immensely thick strong walls. The windows of Romanesque cathedrals were very small and un-patterned. The windows were kept small because the walls needed to be kept large and thick to support the roof of the cathedral. La facade and le portail of a cathedral contained some form of statuary. In a Romanesque cathedral floral designs, spiral designs (especially of leaves), animal designs and horrible creatures were often displayed in the statuary. They were used to display the pagan fetis... ... middle of paper ... ...thedrals took between 30 and 90 years to complete. Not only was the architecture of les cathedrales important, but what they contained remained just as substantial. Inside almost every cathedral is a relic, which is a tangible artifact that is supposed to be proof of the stories of Christianity. Relics ranged from things such as the finger-bone of a Saint, to the cloak of the Virgin Mary. These priceless relics were kept inside of a reliquary which was an extremely ornate holding for the relic. Reliquaries are covered with jewels and usually made out of gold and silver. Cathedrals not only held tangible items of importance, but they held on to a faith that derived from so long ago. They stand as a constant place to believe in and a reminder to all people of the Catholic faith that there is always somewhere to turn to and something to believe in.

More about Les Cathedrales

Open Document