He also moved the permanent capital of the empire from Rome to Constantinople, had many military victories that made the empire stronger, and had sons to follow him as emperor that could help keep the empire stable. Constantine was one of the greatest of all the Roman emperors. His work, his decisions and his laws changed the Roman Empire and western civilization. Even today, the effects of his reign are felt since Christianity is still the major religion of the western world. There are very few people in history who did as much as he did and had such a major impact on the world.
It led to rampant persecutions of other religions which is anything but Christian like. Subjectively, it did help to strengthen the Church. Christianity was given opportunities it did not have before. It was given the ability to be the dominant religion. However, it did give the emperor the opportunity to impede on the powers of the papacy, leaving things open to trouble.
Hence, under the reign of Constantine the Great, Christianity became an important religion in Rome, and it also grew to became an influential religion in Europe and the Western countries. There were many changes that were noticed in Constantine’s rule after his conversion to Christianity. Also, the experiences of his non-christian counter parts describe the strength of the Christianity as a religion and how it influenced the subjects in Constantine’s time. The battle at Milia Bridge was an important and significant turning point in the history of Christianity as a religion because this is when Constantine becomes devoted to the religion. Constantine and Cicinnus were two men beloved to God and hence, God proved their ally and helped them defeat their foes (Eusebius, 359).
The Church gained a lot of land all throughout Europe because of nobles wanting a definite place in the Christian heaven. On Christmas day in the year 800 AD the king of the Francs, Charlemagne, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope Leo III. This benefited the Pope and the Church because it gave them the power to choose which people could rule the Christendom, which made the Pope the most powerful person in Europe. The Pope and other members of the church had a certain right to demand things from nobles and in some cases, monarchs, because of their spiritual connection... ... middle of paper ... ... not understand the priests. The medieval Roman Catholic church was extremely powerful and influential through their taxes and ability to control peoples beliefs and religious ideas.
The archbishops appoint bishops authority in their territories. As the Catholic Church’s authority increases during this time, it also comes with consequences. This system of archbishops and bishops are great for the Church, but Charlemagne uses them as royal agents, which is part of royal policy. Furthermore, Charlemagne makes reforms in education in order to further improve the Church; he sets up a system which strengthens the priesthood by setting up bishop schools. These reforms indicate “a lack of division between religious and secular affairs” (Charlemagne p.131).
), Pope Innocent III and his World (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999) C. Morris, The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989) F. Oakley, The Western Church in the Later Middle Ages (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1979) J. M. Powell (ed. ), Innocent III: Vicar of Christ or Lord of the World?, 2nd edn (Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1994) J. Sayers, Innocent III: Leader of Europe, 1198-1216 (New York, NY: Longman, 1993) J. R. Strayer, The Albigensian Crusades, new edn with an epilogue by C. Lansing (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1992) R. H. C. Davis, A History of Medieval Europe from Constantine to Saint Louis. London and New York: Longmans, Green, 1957. W. L. Wakefield, Heresy, Crusade and Inquisition in Southern France 1100-
The Catholic Church The Catholic Church in the 20th Century underwent tremendous change, most significantly as a result of the Second Vatican Council. This Council created an atmosphere of reform within the leading theologians and the hierarchy of the Church. Consequently, when Pope Paul VI released his encyclical Humanae Vitae, to many of the reformers it seemed to contradict the sentiment of the Council. At the same time, though, there was a movement afoot to radically change the power structure of the Church. Led by the same liberal theologians who took offense to the pro-life policies laid out in Humanae Vitae, the aim was to transition the Church from an authoritarian power structure to a more democratic model.
Septimius Severus was a great emperor because he had many of these needed qualities. He had some admirable wins in war and also helped the Roman Empire to grow. Septimius Severus greatly improved life for soldiers in the army and also did great things for people in Rome. During his tenure as emperor of Rome he made many improvements that greatly helped improve life in Rome. However, Septimius Severus’ great accomplishments and reforms did not last long because of the emperors that followed him.
Politically, the emperor's were aided and impaired. The support of the papacy was useful in the coronation of emperors and the influence over the common people. On the counter-side, the papal monarchy offered competition for power. Christianity was always present in the Middle Ages, and it changed concepts and faith for all.
Catholicism is something that most people understand, in that sense, but most people do not understand, nor have ever thought about some of the most complicated questions that Catholics deal with such as: what is means to be a Catholic? Why Christ willed that the Catholic Church be a sacrament of salvation? Why the Church is both visible and invisible? Why the Catholic Church offers salvation? And why Catholics have a duty to evangelize?