Causes such as poverty, Soviet power, and change of Hungarian life ultimately led to the primary uprising known as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. This event not only portrayed the initial precursor of instability, but also rebellion inside the Soviet Iron Curtain. The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 included effects such as a massive decrease in the global Communist party, an increase of the policy Containment in the Western Hemisphere, and polarization of the Cold War. In the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, The U.S.S.R. principle of peaceful negotiation greatly faltered due to the Soviet practice of intervention and immense destruction of the Hungarian people. Hungary is in Central Europe, Northwest of Romania.
This disillusionment with the Soviet ideal of socialism lead the people of the fledgeling socialist state of Hungary to rise up in revolt, but ill-preparedness and the strength of the Soviet Red Army put down the insurrection within several days. Several forces influenced and provoked counter-revolutionary forces in Hungary, both internal and external. Externally, there was support for pro-democratic groups within Hungary, and émigré groups from Hungary(Berecz 15). The United States government implemented several acts to support reactionary groups who fled eastern European countries in the years following World War II. Among these acts was the ?Lodge Act?
495) Since the Soviet Union stagnated, Gorbachev needed to reform domestic and foreign policies in Russia. These policies and other changes ultimately led to the downfall of the Soviet Union and end of the Cold War. Two significant developments would be the collapse of Communist governments in Eastern Europe and the reunification of Germany. Two reasons led to the collapse of Communist governments in the Eastern bloc: strong displeasure from citizens towards the Communist governments and the situations from Hungary (1956) and Czechoslovakia (1968); Soviet troops would not be used to enforce Communism, this encouraged popular dissatisfaction. (pg.
During World War I, the Russians revolted against their government and created a communist society. In the novel, 1984, Winston and Julia sought after a revolution, but revolution seemed unthinkable because of the power of Big Brother. In A Tale of Two Cities, the oppressed citizens revolted against the government and aristocracy. In the case of World War II, the Jews became incapable of revolution because they got cut down to focus on survival only. Oppression is at the root of all of the problems people faced in those events and books.
The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the future status of Europe. The USA wanted a democratic capitalist continent that it could influence. The USSR wanted to spread Communism and prevent the disasters of World War II recurring again. While Stalin was a brutal and ruthless dictator responsible for millions of deaths, feared and resented by many eastern Europeans, he actually did not intend to conquer the world. This was the basic misunderstanding which fueled the Cold War: the U.S. government, as well as many private citizens, believed that the Russians were engaged in a world-wide con... ... middle of paper ... ...e of 1954, West Germany was permitted to join NATO.
The Consequences of the Revolt in Hungary Background The Hungarian uprising took place in October to November 1956. The Hungarians wanted free elections, an end to the collectivisation of farms, the withdrawal of Soviet troops and the AVO (Hungarian Secret Police) to stop its persecution of anti-communists. Also the last demand that they made, which Khrushchev could not agree to, was the removal of Hungary from the Warsaw pact. When these demands were refused Khrushchev also sent in the Red Army to flush out the resistance fighters, who had already driven out a previous division. The consequences for the USSR The USSR faced many consequences as a result of the harsh treatment that they had dealt the Hungarians during the rebellion.
Even though change was promised and partially delivered, there was never a full freedom achieved. This raised new issues which set Cold War tensions between Soviet Russia and the United Nations. After much protesting and effort, the Soviet Union held firm and continued to oppress the people of Hungary. Even though it may seem that basic human rights and freedoms shouldn’t have to be fought for, this revolution proved otherwise.
But Stalin’s dictatorship increased in strength and by 1938, the purges had made Russian’s so fearful, they were willing to accept the totalitarian ruler instead of the democratic system which had originally been hoped for in the February 1917 revolution. Stalin had also used fear as a motivator for workers and managed to industrialise. Overall the most similarities occur between Alexander III and Stalin due to their repressive actions but although all the Tsars and Stalin depended on central control, it cannot be said that there were more similarities because of the power and support for Stalin’s when his reign ended compared to the weak Tsarist system which Russians felt was not worth saving.
In the mid 1980’s though things began to lighten up when Mikhail Gorbachev became Premier of the USSR and announced his reform programs of Glasnost and Perestroika. Gorbachev also encouraged the leaders of the satellite states to follow suit and grant their citizens more political and civil liberties. Under Gorbachev the USSR also withdrew most of its armed forces from eastern and central European countries. Many citizens and political reformers took advantage of the moment and started to push for an end to the single party political system that had been forced on them for years. 1989 was the year of many revolutions and demonstrations in eastern and central Europe.
When the Soviet Union annexed the countries of East Central Europe, it began to spread its communist influence amongst the countries. After the death of Joseph Stalin, the new leader of the Soviet Union, Nika Khrushchev, began changing the repressive policies of Stalin, which opened the doors to the countries of East Central Europe to challenge the rule of the Soviets. In both Hungary and Czechoslovakia, there were uprisings for independence from the Eastern Bloc. Although the Hungarian Revolution and the Prague Spring had the similar crushing defeat by a soviet invading force, the two uprising differed in outcomes due to Hungary’s nationalist attempt to break free from communism versus the Czechoslovak attempts to reform communism internally within the country. At the conclusion of World War II, the people of Hungary got to experience for the first time in over a hundred years a chance to vote in elections and created their own government on the foundation of democratic principles.