Leadership and Managerial Approaches to Magnet Status

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Introduction

Magnet hospitals are named for their potential to attract and retain qualified nurses. Magnet hospitals are facilities that have been certified by the American Nurses Credentialing Center for promoting positive patient outcomes through best practices in nursing (Upenieks, 2003). The Magnet environment fosters autonomy and professional nursing practice. Research shows that Magnet hospitals have better work environments, a more highly educated nursing workforce, superior nurse-to-patient staffing ratios, and higher nurse satisfaction than non-Magnet hospitals (Aiken, Kelly, & McHugh, 2011). Implementation of that environment requires the ability to create trust, accountability, and open communication in changing times. The American Nurse Credentialing Center (ANCC) organized 14 Forces of Magnetism into 5 Model Components to measure outcomes for the Magnet Recognition program. The first of the five components, Transformational Leadership, encompasses two of the 14 Forces of Magnetism: Quality of Nursing Leadership and Management Style (American Nurses Credentialing Center). The leadership approach best suited for the pursuance of Magnet recognition would be a transformational leadership approach. Nurse executives in a Magnet institution require the ability to foresee the future needs of healthcare, and must devise plans of action to meet those needs. They must communicate, monitor, engage, and inspire others toward the common goal. Management, likewise, has to communicate ideas and monitor progress, but must also be prepared to organize the undertaking and implementation of future pathways.

Transformational Leadership and the Nurse Executive

The most frequent and beneficial leadership type employed by ...

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...pe of leadership results in empowered and accountable clinicians. Future clinicians in the Magnet program will be autonomous planners and decision makers in the clinical practice. This method of leadership will lead to improved job satisfaction in both magnet and non-magnet institutions.

References

Aiken, K. (2011). Nurse Outcomes in Magnet and Non Magnet Hospitals. Journal of Nursing Administration, 41(10), 428-433. doi:10.1097/NNA.Ob013e31822eddbc

American Nurses Credentialing Center. (n.d.). Magnet Recognition Program Model. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from http://www.nursecredentialing.org/Magnet/ProgramOverview/New-Magnet-Model.aspx

Huber, D. (2010). Leadership and Nursing Care Management (4th ed.). Maryland Heights, MO: Saunders Elsevier.

Upenieks, V. (2003). What Constitutes Effective Leadership? Journal of Nursing Administration, 33(9), 456-467.

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