Leadership Development There tend to be a variety of concepts regarding how, as well as what should undergo consideration when developing leadership in individuals. Scholars have different suggestions on the kind of approaches that should get observed during the practice. As a result, this paper seeks to unravel various forms of leadership approaches, as well as suggesting the best theory that should be in use when creating a perfect leader. Additionally, the work will establish ways of determining the effectiveness of a leadership program. First, trait theory of leadership development holds that a person is either born with, or without leadership qualities. According to this approach, it is the inherited cognitive ability that will enable …show more content…
It holds that various situations require different leadership styles to result in effective outcomes. According to this school of thought, it is the assessment of the competence, as well as the commitment of the leader’s subjects that makes the whole practice a success. As a result, a leader should access the two factors before deciding on either directive or supportive form of management. Path-Goal is another form of leadership development approach. It is about how leaders motivate their subjects to see them accomplish the given objective. According to this school of thought, an active leader should have the ability to drive their followers, as well as removing the possible obstacles towards the given goal (Baker, 2013). The transactional theory is another form of leadership development approach. It states that effectiveness in leadership depends on the leader focusing on the exchange between them and the followers, such as rewards and punishments (Baker, …show more content…
For example, teams from the United States would easily engage in a controversial discussion’s and be willing to challenge their facilitator, but participants from other cultures may be more reluctant to do so because of their cultural norms. Some cultures are taught to question everything; so they are more likely to ask why and want justification for the content and an explanation for the methods of a program. Cultural values can affect how a learning process is implemented, how feedback is provided, and the overall setting in which learning and development can be taken full advantage of. This is why cultural context must always be considered with Leader
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
The theory is based on the premise that leader behaviors are learned and not inherent traits in a leader’s personality (Kreitner & Kinick, 2014). As an example, the manner in which the leader communicates the tasks that need to be done is a learned behavior compared to the vocal tone of the leader’s voice which is an inherent trait. Ohio State University had a team of researchers study the behaviors of leaders beginning in 1946 and continued for ten years. The team developed a Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire with 150 descriptive leadership processes and asked how often the leader performed the process utilizing a scale of always to never (Halpin, 1956). From the results the team identified that there were two elements of leader behavior, consideration and initiating structure (Kreitner & Kinick,
Comparison the trait of leadership with other leadership models. Leadership is an art to influence subordinates in such a way that they voluntarily and willingly do the pre-specified amount of work in terms of specific objectives. Leadership includes influence and change and it is the art of managing people with others. There are four kinds of leadership traits that behavioral, contingency, transformational, and transactional leadership. Behavioral theories of leadership are classified as such because they focus on the study of specific behaviors of a leader. For behavioral theorists, a leader behavior is the best predictor of his leadership influences and as a result, is the best determinant of his or her leadership success.
Being a successful and effective leader can be difficult because it does not have exactly patterns for them to follow. On the other hand, effective leaders are also difficult to define because it heavily depends on different job descriptions, situations, tasks, etc. Furthermore, management literature shows that there’s no consensus on how to behave is the right leaders (Kevin, 2013, para. 1). Although certain leaderships can offer leaders to use, sometimes it is difficult for them to choose leadership styles to utilize. Therefore, there is a framework that might be useful for leaders to use. For instance, leaders should figure out what their strengths are and choose leadership styles that the best fit for their situation and strengths. Subsequently, provide some basic needs for their followers in order to become an efficient leader. To put it simply, not only should leaders know their
According to the text, the “Path-goal theory is about how leaders motivate followers to accomplish designated goals” (Northouse, 2016, p.115). The basic idea is that leaders: defines goals, clarifies the path, removes obstacles
In our real life, we can give out many vivid examples of people who seem have no such leadership attributes, but they still succeed in their leaderships. The Behavior Theories can explain the phenomenon and help Rose to become a successful leader. In contrast with the Trait Leadership theory, Behavioral Leadership theory implies people can be trained to be leaders. There was several factors contributed to Rose’s failure being a unit director: 1) Rose was appointed to be the unit director directly from the other hospital without previous experience being a leader; 2) she was not assigned a mentor who could guide her through the transaction period; and 3) she was not familiar with the work environment and colleagues. According to the behavioral Leadership theory, if Rose has had the access to the proper training for being a good leader, she might be an effective leader, too, if not
Transactional leadership is a long standing leadership theory that examines the interaction or exchange between leader and follower. This leadership theory relies heavily on the give and take and reward punishment interaction that followers rely on to determine their success. Many organizations operate their businesses within a transactional realm, employees are rewarded for goals reached, tasks accomplished, and skills performed; consequently leaders lead using this same transactional approach and employees learn to operate and succeed within these parameters to receive their own desired outcome.
The leadership is a privilege and it is such a privilege and an honor which will carry the tremendous responsibility which will inspire others to direct them to accomplish goals and vision of the organization. Leadership is about influencing the people, by producing direction, purpose and motivating in order to accomplish the mission, vision and improving the organization. The leadership philosophy is evolved based on the experiences, both positive and negative, in most of the initiatives and activities that we undertake. It is also one among the collaboration and teamwork within which the team members can utilize each other’s strengths to counter the weaknesses of the individuals. By observing, introspecting and experimenting we can developed a leadership paradigm which is inclusive, collaborative and proactive. We can develop the ability to recognize which will approach in order to reach the productive conclusion. The great leaders know their limitations and are capable at utilize their strengths and also the strengths of others to compensate.
(Kotter, 2013,) states that management is a set of processes. It involves planning, budgeting, structuring jobs, staffing jobs, measuring performance and problem-solving. Nonetheless the functions of management are not limited to managers and supervisors. According to Nag (2011) leaders choose to use different styles of leadership which suits the circumstance and helps to best tackle the challenges being faced in the organization. It is the leadership strategy that determines the leadership style. Hence, there is no single correct leadership style that should be used consistently. (Johnson, n.d.) further states that within each leadership style there are advantages
The Great Man theory postulated that great leaders are born not made. This theory attempted to identify the set of attributes that all natural born leaders have in common. There is indeed truth to the belief that some people inherently have more leadership gifts than others, however, it has now become clear that leadership is actually learnable. This perception birthed the trait theory of leadership that examines which individual characteristics should be pursued to lead effectively. The premise of this concept is if you possess certain traits and attributes people will follow you. The weakness of this theory is that it identified dozens of traits but no single set emerged as ideal for all circumstances. Closely related is the skills theory of leadership, as in trait theory it attempts to identify a key set of attributes but in this case practical skills rather than staple qualities of a leader. The premise of the skills theory is that if you want people to follow you, you need technical, conceptual, and persuasive skills along with diplomacy, affability and visionary acuity to see the big picture and to think strategically (Day, Fleenor, Atwater, et al, 2014). Next, there is the Situational Leadership theory which argues that there is no one size fits all model. Certain traits, skills, and styles fit better in one situation than another so a leader must adapt. Transactional leadership and transformational leadership are two theories that can be considered together. Transactional Leadership proposes there is a reciprocity of behavior between the leader and follower and people will follow based on the incentives in place. Therefore, the leader’s job is to find the right combination of rewards and
The trait leadership theories assume that people inherit certain abilities and traits that make them better suited for leadership than others (Stroup, 2004). The trait theories originated from an earlier impression called the “great man” theories pop...
This method implies that leaders and follower have combine motives that can be beneficial to both parties. When theses task are assigned, there is a designed reward or punishment for the followers. This method of leadership can also be associated with managing in a sense. Transactional leadership in a sense is like management in that it does not look to inspire or promote change, it is in fact more about ensuring a particular process, and procedure meets the desired results.
One of the first approaches to leadership is the leadership trait theory that people are born with certain character traits. The theory assumes that people are born as leaders or not as leaders because the traits are considered to be naturally part of a person 's personality. The basic idea behind trait theory is that effective leaders are born, not made. The trait theory was used in the 1930s,
...riented leadership and participative leadership (House & Mitchell, 1974, p. 83). Path goal theory attempts to combine the motivation principles become a theory of leadership. This makes path-goal theory unique because no other leadership approaches deal with this way. The other strength of path goal theory that is leaders clarifies the paths to the goals and helps remove any difficulties for the subordinates. The disadvantage that is path goal theory has not examined the basic motivational assumptions of the theory. Next, most leadership scholars agree that path-goal theory has not been adequately tested (Thomas, P. D. G. 1971). Path goal does not describe how a leader could use different styles to help subordinates feel assured of success. For example, path-goal theory does not explain how directive leadership increase subordinate motivation during ambiguous task.
The primary leadership theory I believe in comes from John Maxwell and speaks to the dual nature of leadership: leaders are both born and made. I believe that some individuals are born with innate leadership qualities and that those characteristics, though infantile, if cultivated, evolve through lifelong experiences, training and development. Maxwell asserts that born leaders require cultivation: “Leadership is developed, not discovered. The truly “born leader” will always emerge; but to stay on top, natural leadership characteristics must be developed”(Maxwell, 1993 p. viii). Maxwell indicates that individuals who want to become leaders fit into one of four categories: the leading leader, the learned leader, the latent leader or the limited leader.