Although the use of force continuum is used chiefly as a training tool for law officers, it is also valuable with citizens, such as in criminal court cases by police review boards. Specifically, a graphical illustration of a use of force continuum is useful to a jury when deciding whether an officer's use of force was sensible. While the precise progression of force varies significantly (especially the extensive gap between soft control and deadly force) among different agencie... ... middle of paper ... ...enforcement officer must respond to resistance offered by another. In order to determine what actions officers find reasonable in similar situations, some experts utilize surveys with law enforcement officers, who are provided with certain scenarios to determine what actions they would take if placed in certain situations. Knowing what other officers and citizens deem reasonable helps to craft a solid response to opposition continuum.
Introduction With the society that most individuals are offered today, the world of crime has been constantly transforming. This can influence the typical individual to question if there are too many laws that one should follow, including the penalties that are to be expected. The word crime can insinuate many thoughts of apprehension, segregation, and security when applying the law in accordance to criminal acts being prosecuted. In order for penalties to apply to a particular individual, law enforcement must first be able to track and identify suspects of various crimes. Numerous approaches can be offered for this process, but profiling is a common tactic that has aided law enforcement in seeking justice for both suspects and victims.
In addition, this police objective underlie to the criminal justice system objective for protecting the public by preventing and deterring crime (Davies et al, 1998, pp6). All of this functions actually showing how much responsibilities the police have in order to serve to monitoring the public. As a part of the criminal justice system of England and Wales it is responsible also to achieve and realise the system objectives. Not only the police have responsibilities in front of the system, but also and the other agencies, no matter of their functions. The aims of the police agency differ from the aims of the other agencies within the system, but they all co-operate and link to each other in order to achieve the cross-system goals.
Their role begins when a report to the police is made, actions or suspicions of a crime is present, and/or following an investigation made by the law enforcement (Fleming, Ramcharan, Dowler, & de Lint, 2007, p. 2). Typical tasks officers are engaged in are: to preserve the peace, prevent crime, enforce the law, investigate crimes, lay charges, etc (Fleming, Ramcharan, Dowler, de Lint, 2007, p. 105) but there is more to what is generally mentioned by the public, online sources, articles, books, and even the police themselves. Officers not only conduct a criminal investigation, but they also decide whether or not to proceed with obtaining an arrest which is a serious step in the justice process (Fleming, Ramcharan, Dowler, & de Lint, 2007, p. 2 & 4). Authors of The Canadian Criminal Justice System (2007, p. 4) states that because it is impossible to convict every single person who has broken... ... middle of paper ... ...ire justice system (Reece, 2014). That includes juries, witnesses, prosecutors, and defence lawyers.
The career of a police officer is an important career, because one has the ability to do what’s right and make sure others follow the laws. The research will describe the career of a police officer, what is required to become successful, and the impact this career has on society. The general duties of a police officer are to enforce the law. Also to respond to emergency and nonemergency calls. The specific duties would be to obtain warrants and arrest suspects, collect and secure evidence from crime scenes, search for vehicle records and warrants using computers in the field, patrol designated areas, answering calls and complaints about fire automobile accidents and other felony crimes.
The Uniform Crime Report is the first method that is usually called upon, as it measures official crime data as submitted by law enforcement agencies. The UCR collects detailed information on the terminology and definitions of criminal offenses, which considers violent crimes to include rape, murder, robbery, and aggravated assault. Although it is not limited to just official government programs, as colleges and universities in the United States often volunteer information and statistics towards the UCR in an attempt to give further detail and more accurate accounts of criminal activity. As the is a very formal method for obtaining data, it is often a very cold data collection initiative in comparison to the next method used to collect data on crime, the NIBRS. An extension of the UCR, the National Incident-Based Reporting System is a system to collect and study data created from the victim and offender of a criminal act.
“The investigation of [a]crime encompasses the collection of information and evidence for identifying, apprehending, and convicting suspected offenders” (Osterburg). Many things may come to mind when an investigation is mentioned, such as TV shows of Law and Order, CSI and Criminal Minds. The realities of an investigation though differ from these TV shows immensely. In reality, there are certain responsibilities an investigator must go through to achieve the evidence needed to prosecute the offender and close the case successfully. It is important to understand that an investigation ultimately contributes the resolution of crimes, which also leads to the crucial process and effort in gathering evidence to accomplish the prosecution of the case.
Finally, there are special activities that require specialized law enforcement personnel to carry out. These activities include traffic control and drug control (CliffsNotes.com, 2011a). It is clear from all this that the job of a typical police officer is hazardous. The police organization borrows much of its organizational structure from the military (CliffsNotes.com, 2011b). With its bureaucratic structure and the lines of command that pervade the organization, its culture can lead to inflexibility.
This paper will discuss the criminal justice system in the United States, England and Japan. The criminal justice system in the United States is made up of three parts: the police, the courts and corrections (Drakeford, 2011). Each one of these parts works simultaneously together and the work of one influences the work on another. All three parts of the US system have been influenced and stem from English law. To start, the role of the police in the US criminal justice system consists of the collection of evidence, arresting offenders, giving testimony in court and performing investigations (victimsofcrime.org, 2008).
Expect as criminal justice major a lot of reading and research about criminals and their origins, there will be background checks, field investigations, and interviews relating to said criminals. If you want to learn about a criminal then you will spend somewhere between a 15 minute chat to what feels like a lifetime taking care of them. The rules and regulations of the local state or institution should be the primary concern of a criminal justice major, although much of the law is still debatable. The secondary concern should be over research, a more specific source should be scholarly journals. A criminal justice major should keep an open mind when it comes to dealing with the law as rules can be critiqued and amended.