Bipolar disorder, (manic-depressive disorder) is associated with mood swings that range from the lows of depression to the highs of mania. When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts in the other direction, you may feel euphoric and full of energy. Mood shifts may occur only a few times a year, or as often as several times a day. In some cases, bipolar disorder causes symptoms of depression and mania at the same time (Bipolar Disorder, 2013).
Management of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder when individuals experience episodes of mania and depression. The medications used in treating bipolar disorder have been effective when properly diagnosed, but there is a risk of suicide while undergoing therapy. Treatments for bipolar disorder our on the market but they can only treat the mania or the depression, which is why the patient needs to be under supervision. When a person does not follow the prescribed course of treatment the risk of suicide increases. Another problem with bipolar disorder is that it can be misdiagnosed in teenagers in going though puberty.
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This becomes a problem when the feelings are so strong that the person looses contact with reality. In an episode of mania, a person may experience the following symptoms:5 „h Abnormally elevated mood (euphoria) „h Over-inflated self-esteem „h Decreased need for sleep „h Increased talkativeness „h Racing thoughts „h Distractibility „h Involvement in risky activities Severe Depression. The Bipolar Disorder Glossary defines depression as "an extreme mood of sadness with physical symptoms such as loss of appetite and sleep." Everyone experiences depression in their lifetime, it helps people to recognize problem situations. In contrast to normal depression, severe depression can impair a persons ability to function in everyday situations.
Parry, P. I., M.B.B.S., & Levin, E. C., M.D. (2012, January 2). Pediatric Bipolar Disorder in an Era of "Mindless Psychiatry" Retrieved April 06, 2014, from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15299732.2011.597826#tabModule
People know that there are many different types of illnesses in the world. Some of these illnesses can have a major impact on a person’s life. Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depressive disorder, is a misconceived mental illness that can be dangerous if not treated correctly. A lot of people believe that being bipolar is a choice, but don’t realize that it is actually a disorder of the brain. There are many parts of learning about bipolar disorder, such as; what it is, the types of bipolar, what can cause it, the symptoms and signs, diagnoses, treatments, and how to live with the illness.
(Das, 2005). Oppositely, depression is marked by periods of extreme sadness, crying and irritability, inactivity and disinterest, and feelings of hopelessness (Torpy, 2009). People who suffer from bipolar disorder will cycle between these states; some will cycle rapidly, within several days, and some cycle only a few times per year. After bipolar has been diagnosed, there are several treatment options that are helpful for sufferers, including medication, psychotherapy, and family counseling; all of these need to be utilized to successfully control symptoms and possible harmful behaviors. The first, and arguably most important step to the treatment of bipolar disorder is pharmaceutical intervention.