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Late Onset Bipolar Disorder: Effects of Perceived and Actual Support

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Yelling, some glass breaking, door slamming and the possibility of never seeing someone ever again. This is what happens when you finally realize what bipolar disorder can do to someone. In this paper I will be discussing late-onset bipolar disorder and the effects of perceived support and actual support. Late-onset bipolar disorder is a manic depressive illness in which elderly people are affected by shifts between manic and depressive episodes. Bipolar has existed in its most primitive form since the time of ancient Greece as mania and melancholia. It has seen be formed in the modern concept of ‘unipolar’ and ‘bipolar disorder.’ Much stigma exists today due to stereotypes created from public stigma and internalized stigma and the extreme nature on the condition. A lot of drugs and treatments have been created to help people deal with this disorder. One thing that helps bipolar patients with their treatment is the perceived support that they feel from friends and family as compared to actual support. By examining the effects of social support on late-onset bipolar patients, it can be shown what type a difference the support makes on the individuals improvement. “Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks (Bipolar Disorder).” Bipolar individuals shift between two types of episodes; manic and depressive. The shifts are not immediate and may happen over weeks. Bipolar disorder is considered a debilitating disorder with severe symptoms. Bipolar disorder’s peak age is between the ages of 20 and 40 (Balon and Prabhakar 2010). About 90% of cases of bipolar disorder happen prior to age 50 (Bal... ... middle of paper ... ....2007.03.005 Johnson, L., Lundström, O., Aberg-Wistedt, A., & Mathé, A. A. (2003). Social support in bipolar disorder: Its relevance to remission and relapse. Bipolar Disorders, 5(2), 129-129. doi:10.1034/j.1399-5618.2003.00021.x Burton, N. (n.d.). Hide and Seek: A short history of bipolar disorder. Psychology Today. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hide-and-seek/201206/short-history- bipolar-disorder Bipolar Disorder: Treatment and Drugs. (January 18 2012). retrieved November 17 2013, from Mayo Clinic Web Site: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bipolar- disorder/DS00356/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs The Number Counts: Mental Illness in America. (n.d) retrieved November 17 2013, from NIMH Web Site: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers- count-mental-disorders-in-america/index.shtml
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