Late Adulthood

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Late Adulthood Late adulthood is known as the period of life after middle adulthood, usually from around 65 years old to death (Santrock, 2013, p. 485). There are many varying stages of development and health in late adulthood, along with steady changing of life expectancy. Aging is a part of life, and with it comes changes in every area of living. Many diseases find late adulthood as an opportune time to affect people. Eventually, whether caused by disease or another reason, every individual dies. Death is unique to every person, and healthcare in America is changing to reflect that. This stage of life is a time when bodily processes and functions may be decreasing, but depending on lifestyle choices, death can come at different times. Life Expectancy As American society has evolved in the past 100 years and technology has increased and improved, so has the life expectancy for individuals. Currently, females can expect to live for 81 years on average, while males can expect to live for 75 years, giving an average life expectancy of 78.3 years (Santrock, 2013, p.536). According to Santrock (2013), “since 1900, improvements in medicine, nutrition, exercise, and lifestyle have increased our life expectancy an average of 30 additional years,” but another important factor is the decreasing infant mortality, allowing a larger population of people, including older adults (p.536). Making good choices in diet, regular exercise, avoiding drugs and alcohol, along with getting enough sleep and maintaining a low and healthy stress level can all increase life expectancy. Relationships, emotional well-being, and having purpose all also play an important role in determining how long an individual will live. As people are living longer, more ... ... middle of paper ... ...des/autopsy-16080 Bailey, R. (2008, August 16). What are mitochondria?. Retrieved from http://biology.about.com/b/2008/08/16/what-are-mitochondria.htm How many different types of cancer are there?. (2013, April 17). Retrieved from http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/cancer-questions/how-many-different-types-of-cancer-are-there Huether, S., & McCance, K. (2011). Understanding pathophysiology. (5th ed.). St. Louis, MI: Mosby, Inc. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2013, July 13). Osteoporosis. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/osteoporosis/DS00128 Rosen, L., & Rosen, G. (2013, January 25). Making treatment decisions. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/afterdiagnosis/after-diagnosis-making-treatment-decisions Santrock, J. (2013). Life-span development. (14th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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