Language Teaching Case Study

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Overview of Language Teaching Methodologies The USA and UK Richards (2006) suggests that English language teaching methodologies in the West can be divided into three phases: 1. Traditional approaches - up to the 1960s. 2. Classic communicative language teaching - 1970s to 1990s. 3. Current communicative language teaching - 1990s to present. Richards states that the traditional approaches focused on grammar as the basis of language proficiency. Accuracy in all forms of production was prioritised as it was believed that mistakes made early in the language learning process would be difficult to fix later. Key approaches were (Richards & Rodgers, 2001): grammar-translation: in which the learner studies grammar points and memorises the…show more content…
Current communicative language teaching research has sought to extend the range of activities and methods that can lead to communicative competence. Richards (2006) suggests that since current communicative language teaching theory draws on a number of diverse sources, there is no single or agreed upon set of practices that characterize current communicative language teaching. Jacobs and Farrell (2003), however, see eight major changes that current CLT practices have made to the traditional language teaching methodologies: 1. Learner autonomy: e.g. the use of small groups and self-assessment. 2. The social nature of learning: i.e. learning should not be a private initiative. 3. Curricular integration: e.g. project work in language teaching requires students to explore issues outwith the language classroom. 4. Focus on meaning: e.g. content-based teaching. 5. Diversity of Learners: e.g. developing students’ use and awareness of learning strategies. 6. Thinking skills: Language should serve to develop critical and creative
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