The Cognitive Imperative of American Sign Language As a cultural group, Deaf Americans present a thriving and distinct example of language in action. Many of the traditions of Deaf culture—including storytelling, word games, etc.—are celebrations of American Sign Language (ASL). But contemporary Deaf Americans face myriad issues, including the preservation of sign language as it relates to the child’s upbringing and education in particular. Because a child with a profound hearing loss is not able to access the language that pervades their environment, it is crucial that these children are given ASL as soon as possible. Using the framework of social neuroscience, it is possible to consider the consequences of a linguistic delay due to the absence of ASL in the child’s environment.
For example, many times they cannot tell the difference between similar letters or numbers. Many children also exhibit visual perceptual problems during their early exposure of reading instruction, but most children soon learn the appropriate visual discrimination and the associated letter sound, etc. However, it is the children that continue to experience these problems that are diagnosed as having learning difficulties. The proper identification of a learning problem is only the first step in the redemption process. Before the data obtained from testing and from subjective observations can have... ... middle of paper ... ...mined by the capabilities of the child himself.
Most of the hearing loss presented at birth is contributed with being inherited with it. The deafness presented at birth may be caused by a condition or infection that the mother was exposed to at pregnancy. The behavior or characteristics that you may see with a child of this disability is first and foremost the child not being able to hear. This characteristic alone contributes to everything that a deaf child does because a child must communicate somehow with people. A behavior that a child may learn would be sign language.
In America, English exists as the standard language. For that reason, it is understood that children will learn this as their primary language. However, according to the “National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders” website, “about two to three children per 1,000 are born deaf or hard of hearing”(Quick Statistics [NIDCD Health Information]) . Moreover, an article by Karen Kalivoda points out that “depending on the age of onset and the severity of the hearing loss, an individual's spoken language development may be radically affected”. Babies learn to speak by parroting the sounds around them; however, a deaf child does not hear these noises and, therefore, the child does not “develop their language” skills (Kalivoda).
It is a hard and laborious method and in the past often had extreme measures, that were border line abusive, put in place to try and ensure success. Manaulism is when a deaf person uses sign language as their primary from of communication. Learning to communicate using sign language is much more easier on a deaf or hard of hearing person. Although the majority of Deaf culture views oralism as a form of abuse and an attempt to “fix” their disability, instead of embracing their differences and culture, many deaf families view oralism as a way to interact with the “normal” society of the hearing world and embrace the idea of allowing their profoundly deaf children to “hear” and talk to hearing people through a spoken language. When people hear the word “deaf” many times they think of their grandparents or other elders who have lost their ability to hear due to old age.
This disability is described that the individual will have significant challenges in social functioning but will not have delays in development of language or intellectual functions. There are six distinct characteristics for Autism, they are the following: Repetitive behavior, atypical language development, atypical social development, problem behavior, differences in intellectual functioning, and sensory disorders. Children with Autism have many different language abilities that range from no verbal communication to a very complex communication. Half of the students that have Autism do not develop the communication skills needed to be sufficient in today’s society of expectations. These students will have a speech barrier when trying to communi... ... middle of paper ... ...ead on hard surfaces, or using objects to hurt themselves.
Nonverbal Communication with Children with Disabilities Imagine not being able to verbalize what you needed or wanted. How would that make you feel? Helpless, frustrated, sad; these are all examples of how children with disabilities that cause them to be nonverbal or strongly with communication feel on a daily bases. This is why it is so important for these children to use there nonverbal communication skills to try and communicate there needs and for people that work with them to be able to understand them. Some of the main ways we see children with disabilities communicate nonverbally is by using gestures, facial expressions, eye gazing and even sometimes signs.
Dyslexia has been used to refer to the specific learning problem of reading. Many children with reading problems have spoken language problems, but like other learning disabilities dyslexia can be treated. For example, if the student is able to read words but is unable to understand the details of what has been read, comprehension is addressed. If a younger student has difficulty distinguishing the different sounds that make up words, treatment will focus on activities that support growth in this skill area. In conclusion, language acquisition affects all of us no matter how big, how small, how short or tall.
Therefore heredity must be involved in language. However, children raised in different parts of the world acquire different language skills; therefore environment must also be an essential factor. Thus the main concern is about how these factors interact during language acquisition (Pinker). What most scientists are concerned with is how exactly the infants are able to lucratively learn the human lan... ... middle of paper ... ... the subject from effectively learning language and which may also confound conclusions. As Genie’s past was grievous, it could be said that here capacity to learn language was limited due to her mental state.
This issue also affects the child cognitive ability to effectively learn. Treatment use to help with this disorder is occupation therapy(Suarez,2012). A child who has Autism may be socially withdrawn it really depends on the child. Also, some kids may be shy towards individual they don’t have a relationship with. Children with autism have difficulties socializing with his or her peers (Gengoux, 2015).