Landmark Supreme Court Cases Project

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Landmark Supreme Court Cases Project Part I Judicial Activism- When judges deny legislators or the executive the power to do something unconstitutional. Judicial Restraint- A legal term that describes a type of judicial interpretation that emphasizes the limited nature of the court's power. Judicial restraint asks judges to base their judicial decisions solely on the concept of stare decisis. Precedent- A legal decision or form of proceeding serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in future similar or analogous cases. Majority opinion- A judicial opinion agreed to by more than half of the members of a court. A majority opinion sets forth the decision of the court and an explanation of the rationale behind the court's decision. Dissenting opinion- A legal case written by one or more judges expressing disagreement with the majority opinion of the court which gives rise to its judgment. Concurring opinion- A written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the court, but states different reasons as the basis for his or her decision. There is a big difference between judicial activism and judicial restraint. Judicial activism encourages judges to interpret laws and the Constitution “in order to serve the judges' own visions regarding the needs of contemporary society.” Whereas judicial restraint a judges is to try to keep his or her own opinion out of the interpretation of the law. Part II Brown v. The Board of Education Topeka, Kansas The case of Brown v. The Board of Education Topeka, Kansas was one of the many landmark cases in American history. An important case leading up to this case is the Plessy v. Ferguson. In 1892, Homer Plessy, an African American man,... ... middle of paper ... ...egally. It reinforced the Constitution and peoples' rights stated within it. The most important thing out of everything is that it made it so that when police officers are reading your rights that they must make sure you know them as well. This cases constituted the Miranda Rule where all people know that they have the right to remain silent. The right to a lawyer. And the right to understand their protections under the law and the Constitution. Work Cited PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 12 May 2014. "Historic Cases Summaries." USCOURTSGOV RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. "History of Brown v. Board of Education." USCOURTSGOV RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. McClenaghan, William A., and Frank Abbott Magruder. Magruder's American Government. Needham, MA: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2004. Print. "Miranda v. Arizona Podcast." USCOURTSGOV RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2014.

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