This resulted in the Georgia Gold Rush. Nardo emphasizes that “By the 1840s, more than sixty thousand Native Americans had been removed from the Eastern United States” (Nardo 17). The Europeans did not just want the Native American land, but they did not want to live close by them. The article “An American Betrayal Cherokee Patriots and the Trail of Tears” mentions, “Numerous little-known Europeans also emerged as brave defenders.” (17). As a result, the settlers wanted the government to force Native Americans to leave.
... ... middle of paper ... ...s well as 2,500 or more died in the makeshift stockades before the journey, and 13,149 who began the trip, only 11,504 arrived in Indian Territory” (Wheeler 185). “In addition, several hundred died soon after arriving by either violence or disease” (Wheeler 185). The removal of Indians was unjust and very wrongful, they made treaties with whites to protect themselves and their land only to later have it stripped away from them. This caused not only tension between native tribes but even more with natives and whites, this caused a mini civil war between the tribes during the actual Civil War when Native Americans fought on both sides. With this the natives still held strong to their cultures and languages even during the time when the whites began education them to the new ways.
One of these sagas is known as the “Trail of Tears”. This relates to the removal of the Cherokee Indians by the U.S. Army from their native lands in North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee and Alabama. During the journey they were held in camps and then forced to travel over 1,000 miles during adverse weather. This trail led them to the Indian Territory, which is now Oklahoma. This was a catalyst towards the devastation of the American Indian culture... ... middle of paper ... ...mises such as owning their land “as long waters run and the grass shall grow.” The Indians would have continued to live "until the end of time" if the white settlers had not intervened.
Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal The generalization that, “The decision of the Jackson administration to remove the Cherokee Indians to lands west of the Mississippi River in the 1830s was more a reformulation of the national policy that had been in effect since the 1790s than a change in that policy,” is valid. Ever since the American people arrived at the New World they have continually driven the Native Americans out of their native lands. Many people wanted to contribute to this removal of the Cherokees and their society. Knox proposed a “civilization” of the Indians. President Monroe continued Knox’s plan by developing ways to rid of the Indians, claiming it would be beneficial to all.
In 1838 the U.S. government forced the Cherokee Indians out of their land because the land was valuable. The moving of the fifteen thousand Indians was known as 1838 Removal. They were forced out of the lands of their forefathers to a new territory in Oklahoma. Traveling with thirteen groups of about one thousand people in each group, which started their journey in the autumn of 1838 and the journey ended in the winter of the next year. Through their struggles, the Indians faced many problems; not only along the way, but also when they got to the new land.
The government, though, created several treaties for them to settle in peace. Eventually the Native Americans population died, mostly because of diseases and fights they interacted with the white settlers. Next is the political document of the Northwest Ordinance and... ... middle of paper ... ... affected by the presence of white settlers, they also affected then, In conclusion, the Native Americans have affected the United States of America even if it may not seem like it. Narrowing the ideas down, this can be concluded: Native Americans and whites had a troublesome relationship and because of that, they formed what America is today. Native Americans had to give up their lands and head out west due to the American government.
These problems caused them to be driven from their homes then being put into internment camps, and then being forcefully moved to a strange land. The situation of the Cherokee got more complicated after the States Rights issue and a long fight between the federal government and Georgia. Such as, Georgia ceding its western lands were they wanted all titles of land that was heard by Indians to be extinguishing, but this did not happen because the Cherokees were certified by a treaty. When gold was found on Cherokee land the effort of removing them from their lands was increased. Then in 1830 the congress passed A Indian removal act that directed the Executive branch to make an agreement for Indian lands.
In 1830 a landmark statut... ... middle of paper ... ... as the beginning of removal. Very quickly it became obvious that the Cherokee and other Indians were not welcome anymore, and if they fought they would be killed. The country they had been battling with began winning the war, and there was little to do but leave their cherished land. It was now an obvious sign to these people that they were going to be forcefully relocated to new lands, and the treaty that had been signed gave our government full power to do so without any questions. Congress, President Jackson, and the people coexisting with the Indians began showing their true colors, their true thoughts, and their true feelings.
This was seen as an act of hostility across the states. Then in 1830 congress passed the Indian Removal Act. In response to this act a Cherokee named Aitooweyah wrote this to John Ross, the principle chief “We, the great mass of the people think only of the love we have to our land for…we do love the land where we were brought up. We will never let our hold on this land go…to let it go it will be like throwing away…[our] mother that gave…[us] birth””. The act led to two Supreme Court cases: Cherokee Nation v. Georgia and Worcester v. Georgia.
This act allowed the president exchange Indian lands for land west of the Mississippi River. This act was unfair to the Cherokee nation and the Indian people because they had no say in the passing of this act. Supporters of the removal act said that it would allow for Americans and immigrants to... ... middle of paper ... ...reserve community structures such as clan and kin relationships (nationalhumanitiescenter.org). The removal of the Cherokee Indians from their lands in the southeast is the largest Indian relocation in American history (Sides 362). It was unjust for the Americans to seize Indian land in order to make room for more Americans and immigrants.