When the name Charles Darwin is uttered, an immediate association brings about the concept of Evolution. Although he was not the first to "discover" this phenomenon, he was the first to explain it. In his book, The Origin of Species, Darwin discusses evolution- through variation, why it occurs, the struggle for existence, natural selection, the geological record, and several other topics. This book brought him great recognition as well as many violent attacks. It was written in a time in history when the people were very strong believers in the Church and God.
This theory prompted individuals to think about the origin of life in the universe. What distinguishes Charles Darwin from the others is the fact that he collected and provided substantial evidences and he related various branches of science such as geology, botany and biology, which helped, validate his theories. His theory of natural selection as stated by Nelson and Jurmain (1991, p.606) in the modern form is that "the evolutionary factor causes changes in allele frequencies in populations due to differential net reproductive success of individuals." His grasp of the evolutionary process and the clarity of his work makes Charles Darwin the most popular figure in the scientific field of Evolution (Francoeur, 1965, p.34). The grandfather Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) was a well renowned doctor, poet and philosopher who wrote many books concerning nature.
- Hyman, Stanley Edgar. Darwin For Today. New York: The Viking Press, 1963, p. 252. - See Graham, Peter W. p 28. - de Beer, Sir Gavin.
The only ones that will survive will be the ones carrying that gene. Therefore, those remaining antibiotic resistant specimens will be able to reproduce, passing along the antibiotic ... ... middle of paper ... ...ntibiotics, which is incorrect. It is distinct that Darwin’s theory is more suited to the evolution of MRSA as it involves concepts of Natural Selection. Methicillin resistant strands have a better chance of surviving and breeding whereas other non-resistant strands die off as they have a lower probability of survival. They adapt to mankind’s defences to generate more breeding grounds of MRSA in humans and animals to generate growth.
Charles Darwin, the “Father of Evolution,” inadvertently laid the foundations not only for life and science as it is known today but also for the concept of human nature and questions of its potential framework. After Darwin’s discoveries, many other researchers lay claim to the role of genes and heritability in nature. Some researchers assert this role of genetics in human nature, labeling it as a necessity in the development of a complete understanding, whereas other researchers deny genetics’ role in human nature entirely, claiming it to be a hindrance for scientific and social advancements. However, the novel Life of Pi by Yann Martel and the play Copenhagen by Michael Frayn show that human nature may be based not only on genetics but also on external factors. But what are the true differences, if any, between the impact of genetics and the impact of culture on the human being?
Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, a scientific theory that supported the belief of evolution, was manipulated and applied to different areas of life, and thus it became the shaping force in European thought in the last half of the nineteenth century. Darwin, through observation of organisms, determined that a system of natural selection controlled the evolution of species. He found that the organisms that were most fit and assimilated to the environment would survive. They would also reproduce so that over time they would eventually dominate in numbers over the organisms with weaker characteristics. This new theory was radical and interesting to the scientific world but its effects reach far beyond this small institution of intellectuals.
Why would educated, reasonable people believe in one side of an argument when the majority of the evidence points to the other? The argument between science and religion began with Charles Darwin publishing Origin of the Species, and since then, is still a conflict, because every individual questions: Where do people come from? Where does the earth come from? The universe? Not only Charles Darwin, but many scientist who followed Charles Darwin as a paragon of evolution, found evidence and answers to argue that evolution is the more reasonable theory in the question of: Where did everything come from?
Introduction It is commonly thought today that the theory of evolution originated from Charles Darwin in the nineteenth century. However, the idea that species mutate over time has been around for a long time in one form or another. Therefore, by Darwin’s time the idea that species change from one type into another was by no means new, but was rejected by most because the proponents of evolution could not come up with a satisfactory mechanism that would explain this change. But how did Darwin come up with an acceptable theory of evolution, and how did Darwin’s proposal of natural selection impact the theory of evolution? The answer lies in the study of the works of others, and in the works of Darwin himself, through his theories, his travels and his scientific pioneering.
He claims that the breeders of animals and plants have had a profound impact with the changes they created among domesticated species. Darwin used the common practice of breeding animals as a way to introduce artificial selection in order to help the readers of 1859 understand the possibility of nature also being capable of producing similar changes through the same selective process. Darwin is firm that his theory of variation and inheritance plays a vital role in human reproduction. However, these kinds of ideas were treated as absurd as there was no direct evidence at the time that supported the belief of genetics. The idea was that people were made up of genetic variables and that each gene would be passed on as a unit to the next generation.
In this case, even though Darwin and Gould both claim the validity of evolution, they aim at different readers. As illustrated in “Natural Selection,” Darwin, focusing on the doubtful audience, maintains a neutral tone, and ... ... middle of paper ... ...mples to prove that evolution is a valid theory. This accomplishment of verifying the evolution theory of these two scholars not only brings opportunity for further study in evolution, but also discredits the ancient creationism, opening new doors for people to discover science. Without the attempt to prove the evolution theory by Darwin and Gould, science would not have developed to where it is today. This iconoclastic theory of evolution inspires people to explore their surroundings with a more scientific and reasonable perspective in which everything needs to be proven before it is approved.