African Americans that are college educated are not only eligible for the same jobs as college educated White Americans, but are earning similar wages, and in some cases higher. In fact, in Wilson’s publican he cites statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau to prove this point, “Data from the 1970 Census of Population show that in 1969 black male graduates age 22 to 24 received a slightly higher average income than comparable to whites”. This statistic debunks any theory that race is a primary determinant of success in this country, since in some cases educated black people are better off economically than privileged educated white people. If educated African Americans are able the same or higher wages in professional jobs as their white counterparts than it is clear that the main determinant of socio-economic status is class rather than race. Wilson noted the change in this occurrence between the current times and in the past.
In 1991, USA Today reported that the 1990 census "concluded that 'the majority of the nation's 30 million black people are as segregated now as they were . . . in the '60s' " (Smith 104). This proves that although some blacks' incomes have increased, they do not always live in neighborhoods they can afford because the area is usually predominately white.
races were given equal opportunities surely more success would be taking place which would benefit the country as a whole (Fisher). All of the aforementioned factors lead to poverty among minorities to be greater than that of Caucasians which affects the racial makeup of neighborhoods. With these minority neighborhoods being lower income the schools in these areas receive less financial support to provide students with the same quality of education as a school with mostly white students. Poorer quality education leaves more minorities in “ghettos” or struggling neighborhoods which can inflict psychological problems that lead to poor performance levels. Discrimination in the housing market was allowed to continue as the Fair Housing Act of
Perhaps no group has as much at stake in the debate over Social Security reform as African Americans. Elderly African Americans are much more likely than their white counterparts to be dependent on Social Security benefits for most or all of their retirement income. Yet Social Security benefits are inadequate to provide for the retirement needs of the elderly poor, which leaves nearly 30 percent of African-American seniors in poverty. As the debate over Social Security reform heats up, several questions have been raised that are of particular interest to the African-American community: · Is the current system fair to African Americans? · What is the best way to increase savings and wealth in the black community?
The diversity of our current society as opposed to that of 50 years ago seems to indicate the programs have been a success. Now, many think the policies are no longer needed and that they led to more problems than they solve. One particular kind of affirmative action is racial quotas, or deciding on a specific number or percentage of members of a given minority group that a company or institution had to accept. These racial quotas improved diversity to some degree, but was considered too crude by many people. Now affirmative action usually involves involves using race, gender, socioeconomic background, and/or sexual orientation status as a positive factor in hiring or admissions decisions.
By comparison, black women only narrowed that gap by 9 cents, from earning 56 cents for every dollar earned by a white man in 1980 to 65 cents today. Asian women followed roughly the trajectory of white women (but earned a
For example, according to the Washington Post, 31 percent of Millennials rate blacks as lazier than whites and 23 percent of Millennials think blacks less intelligent than whites. In other statistics written in sight of black voice, it says that blacks and Hispanics still live in poorer neighborhoods than whites with working class incomes. In addition, there is a big gap in wealth between white Americans and non-white Americans. As shown in statistics, with comparable income, average neighborhood poverty is different for race. In poor households (income below $40,000), gap was bigger than middle-income households and affluent households.
Still to this day, African Americans experience higher unemployment rates and earn a large proportion less compared to White men in this country due to persistent discrimination. Samuel Cohn showed that the black male unemployment rate has consistently been higher than their white counterparts since midcentury. This employment disparity can be explained by many different discriminatory factors. While it may not be intentional discrimination, many businesses are choosing to move out of inner-cities where most poor minorities reside and locate in more urban areas. These relocations make it a lot more difficult for blacks to hear about and reach potential job openings.
According to the statistics, only 12.3% and 16.4% of minorities make to the newspaper staffs and online news staffs.Workers of color are still working in a less paying job; young white men receive 45% more job offers than the African American. 63% of white think African Americans have equal opportunity, whereas 80% of African Americans feel they do not. The current statistics makes us believe that though there is diversity in the organization, people still have difficulty in getting the maximum utilization of the opportunities. They are still facing some discrimination in the workplace, and affirmative action is still
Consequently, women who choose to divide their time between work and their family life will undoubtedly earn less. In fact, women ages 27-33 who have no children actually earn 98 percent of men’s wages according to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. 1 As these examples suggest, discriminatory pay practices persist, leading to lower wages for women, even when they perform the same job as men. 2 It is difficult to decide what can be done to close the wage gap between men and women. However, several steps have been taken to ensure equal opportunities for both sexes.