USA: They felt like the treaty was not completely fair and in some sort of way just wanted to spread democracy and make sure there was no such war in the future. Though they initiated the League of Nations they didn't take part in it. 4. Germany : The reactions of Germans in general was 'pain and anger'. They felt it was unfair.
To understand how leisure plays an important role in our daily lives today, we should have a complete understanding of how leisure has impacted our lives historically. Just as important would be the role that geo-political events and technology have played throughout history and its effects on leisure. Western civilization uses Aristotle definition of what leisure is “a state of being in which activity is performed for its own sake or as its own end” (Grazia pg.13). The concept of leisure was first formed by the Greeks, Aristotle said that “the life of leisure was the only life fit for a Greek” (pg.19). They (Greeks) felt as if they could not succeed as a city state without leisure.
People who believe in existentialism tend to have no emotion because life is suffering so there’s no point in feeling. These ideas are expressed in The Stranger through a character named Meursault whom is a prime example of existentialism. His personality fits a lot of the beliefs in existentialism which makes him an odd character and stand out more than the rest. Through Albert Camus novel, The Stranger, Camus states that life is absurd and existence is chaotic and meaningless and an individual creates their own values and determines a meaning to their life. Existentialism is a form of living a certain way but not living at all.
He prefers not to honor any request from his employer that would make him deviate from what he prefers to be doing. Bartleby's employer quickly realized that, "there was something about Bartleby that not only strangely disarmed me, but in a wonderful manner touched and disconcerted me" (2236). Bartleby gave no argument nor tried to justify denying his employers request. He would simply state, I would prefer not to. His only motive was to do as he preferred.
Taylor regards the start of the war as a blunder on both sides, stating that “Hitler had no clear-cut plan and instead was a supreme opportunist, taking advantages as they came.” From this Taylor suggests that neither Hitler nor any other Powers want this war. However, because his argument caused such a debate, it led other historians to criticise the methods Taylor used to establish his argument. Hugh Trevor-Roper says that “Mr Taylor hardly ever refers to Mein Kampf...” Mein Kampf is seen as an essential piece of writing when examining the origins of the war. Within Mein Kampf was not a detailed policy of what Hitler planned to do, but the “oracular pronouncement, pointing the way towards the harsh historical path that Germany must tread” argues Overy. Therefore, Taylor’s analysis was so controversial because it forced people to view the origins of the war in a totally new way, not looking at Hitler as a world dominating fascist like everyone thought, but as a normal statesman.
Freud saw the inner struggle which was affected by the civilization and society, but believed that there’s potential ways to satisfy one’s self. Unlike Nietzsche who saw the outer struggle not the nature of the human, who focused more on what the society, religion who led to frustration “To call either man optimistic about human nature would be stretching a point. They point out flaws, and Freud, at least, attempts to find a means to cure them. According to both, the human spirit simply does not soar, and frustrations and unhappiness continue to keep human nature from finding happiness.” (1)
Hegel rejected Kant’s view of freedom of the individual as he saw Kantian philosophy as rejecting the rest of the community and that an individual is a self-contained unit for whom history starts and finishes in their own lifetime. Hegel looked at this differently “Because humans act collectively to promote their freedom, the primary question of modern political philosophy, on Hegel’s view, is not a priori what institutions would fulfil these functions, but rather how and to what extent existing institutions do fulfil these functions. This is why Hegel analysed the rationality of extent institutions.  Hegel believed that rationality was superior to understanding. He also believed that the state should be rational in order to allow the individuals to fully develop and become free.
Here he argues that anyone who is soundly based in the philosophy of the 'great thinkers'; of history will have the wellness of body that they desire. He states that ' The most manifest sign of wisdom is a constant happiness; it's state…always serene';(pg.67). Montaigne's obvious foremost concern is that people be educated in the thinking of great thinkers. Secondly, Montaigne addresses the types of free thinking that are appropriate for a healthy mind and body. He argues that the free thought of a person should be based in the thought of the 'great thinkers.
To gain a better understanding of contemporary leisure, it helps to take a look at its origins during the Classical Period. During this time, Aristotle’s teachings and philosophies were significant in not only defining leisure but also exploring its relationship within society. To better understand leisure we should look more closely at Aristotle’s definition of the word. De Grazia (1962) writes that Aristotle defined leisure as “freedom from the necessity of labor” (p.11). Aristotle believed all labor and occupation was the antithesis of leisure.
There is nothing wrong with gaining new knowledge. In the context of enlightenment Kant believes that freedom is the best way to achieve enlightenment. Freedom accord... ... middle of paper ... ... there has always been a leader to guide the people throughout their hardships. This leader can be anything from a tribal leader to the president of a country. Society in its modernity crumbles without anyone to lead it.