In death, you will answer to your god and no man will have control of your fate in the world that lies hereafter. Therefore by obeying the gods, hopefully, will result in a happy afterlife, which are what most people strive for in ancient times and now. If man does not honor you for noble efforts, your gods' will. Antigone's act was honorable. She stood up to the highest of powers so she could honor her brother, knowing the consequence would be death.
One sample is he arrogantly tells the Chorus, which beseeches the gods for liberation from the city plague, "You pra... ... middle of paper ... ... as growingly independent of the gods. They examined whether their lives were results of fate or free will. Though Jocasta originally considers that fate, oracles and prophecies, means nothing, she later adjusts her ideas when she grasps that her divine prophecy has come true. Oedipus, the embodiment of human intelligence, also contests the gods; yet by the play's close it is clear that the gods have prevailed. In this way, Sophocles stresses that the gods are greater than man, that there's a boundary to human aptitude and reason.
This is similar to Oedipus at Colonus, in the Hellenic texts, because the gods choose Oedipus to save the city of Colonus from his own sons. They differ because God, in the Old Testament, chooses rather blindly. He does not choose people for any reason except that is who He wanted. If He does choose, it is based on goodness or loyalty to Him. The gods of Hellenic texts, like in Oedipus at Colonus, the gods choose Oedipus because of his wisdom and his family line.
Ziggurats were built to honor the holiness of the gods and to appease them in hopes of attaining their blessings. The Mesopotamian peoples zealously enslaved their lives to serving the gods through admiration and obedience. However, absent from their faith was any established code of ethics or morality that distinguished righteousness from treachery. The Mesopotamian people knew solely of one purpose to satisfy the gods and the rulers formed codes of laws to affect societies in certain ways under the label deeming it as the will of the gods. Sumerians and Akkadians both inhabited the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia, sharing a common polytheistic faith in many gods.
There is no compromise between the two – both believe in the absolute truth of their obedience. Antigone believes that the unwritten and natural law supercedes any form of human written law. Honor and a principled responsibility to gods and family are given equal weight in her self-defense. She says that she fears, not men's condemnation, but penalties from the gods if she does not act The painful evils that beset her life (the loss of mother, father, and brothers) make death a gain in her eyes By contrast, if she had left her mother's son unburied, she would have grieved She expects to win glory for her gesture to the gods. Antigone displays the characteristic trait of pride in the way she justifies and carries out her decisions.
Despite the protest and plead from Ganymede, Zeus still goes on with his plan and makes Ganymede a cupbearer of his. The offering of sacrifice by Ganymede in exchange for his freedom hints that Greeks do not always worship their gods in order to pay respect, but out of fear. This event also demonstrates the immorality of Greek gods. In many other religions, gods do not kidnap worshipper against their will. Greek gods’ morality is often unpredictable, yet it does not prevent them from
Though both brothers, Polynices and Eteocles, died at the hands of each other at the same time, Creon only paid proper respects for Eteocles because he died protecting the country. However for Polynices, he issued “a proclamation [that forbid] the city to dignify him with burial, morn him at all” and allow “his corpse, carrion for the birds and dogs to tear, an obscenity for the citizens to behold” (lines 227-231). Though it is typical for people of exile to have a different burial than regular Theban citizens, Creon’s barbaric instructions for Polynices burial is beyond immoral. Instead of being buried outside the city, Creon’s order is to not have him buried at all. This is a very torturous ending because when people die they need some type of burial to enter into the underworld, so Creon’s issue of this law meant that Polynices’ soul would be lost and without a home.
The Gods had to humanize Odysseus by showing him that strength and reasoning were powerless against their wrath. They were not acting out of anger, yet out of provoking behaviors. Odysseus invoked strong feelings among the Gods, he was subject to goodness; which was shown when receiving information on how to escape the Circe, as well as wrath which he received throughout most of the epic tale. As a religious respondent I believe that one’s purpose is predetermined. An individual enters the conscious world with a prearranged purpose, however they have the ability to choose how to fulfill this purpose.
The opening events of the play Antigone, written by Sophocles, quickly establish the central conflict between Antigone and Creon. Creon has decreed that the traitor Polynices, who tried to burn down the temple of gods in Thebes, must not be given proper burial. Antigone is the only one who will speak against this decree and insists on the sacredness of family and a symbolic burial for her brother. Whereas Antigone sees no validity in a law that disregards the duty family members owe one another, Creon's point of view is exactly opposite. He has no use for anyone who places private ties above the common good, as he proclaims firmly to the Chorus and the audience as he revels in his victory over Polynices.
Both brothers battle each other and both were killed in battle. (Sophocles 481) King Creon thought Polyneices was a traitor, so he believed that Eteocles should be the only brother to be honored. King Creon believed Eteocles was fighting courageously to protect his city. King Creon took it in his own hands to decide the fate of the two brothers’ burial without even considering the law of the gods. Some of the citizens chant in the chorus, “Zeus hates .