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Stalin finally ordered a new appraisal of the Korean situation, sending, on 11 September 1949, instructions to the Soviet embassy in Pyongyang to study the military, political and international aspects of a possible attack on the South . The embassy’s view did not support an attack. Despite constant pressure from North Korean officials neither Stalin nor his advisors believed in supporting an attack of South Korea. In part this was a belief that the North would not prevail as well as a fear that any war in Asia would spread to Europe.
Slowly support for an attack grew in the Kremlin. The Soviets no longer flatly rejected the idea of military reunification of Korea. Instead it called upon Kim to become better prepared for such an actuality. Encouraged by this shift in the Soviet’s mood, Kim increased the pressure to win Soviet support for the war. On 17 January 1950, Kim II Sung complained to Soviet ambassador Shtykov: "I can't sleep at night because I am thinking of the unification of the whole country. If the cause...is postponed, then I may lose the confidence of the Korean people." Kim II Sung requested permission to make a new visit to the USSR to receive "orders and permission" from Stalin for the offensive.
Stalin finally decides to initiate preparations for the invasion. This was impart due to the support of Mao Zedong. Stalin discussed the Korean situation with Mao, but according to the available data he never told Mao of his decision to invade the south. Kim II Sung and his delegation spent almost all of April 1950 in the Soviet Union . The first issue discussed was: ways and methods of unificating Korea through military means. Stalin gave his approval to the planed invasion of South Korea and established how th...

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...blic support would all work against an American lead military effort.

Works Cited

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