Kohlberg's Theory Of Child Development

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The Theories of Child Development
Raised in different cultures all over Europe and the United States, four theorists have become world renowned for their theories of child development. As we review and learn their methods, the hope is to be able to apply them to everyday life by recognizing and utilizing them in the classroom setting.
Kohlberg, Erickson, Piaget, and Freud
Freud, Piaget, Erickson, and Kohlberg; what do they all have in common? The common factor is their fantastic ideas about child development. While each theorists is from a different culture, their theories have crossed borders and helped many cultures to learn about child development.
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud lived in the late 1800 's in Austria, and per bio.com, he
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Kohlberg?s moral development theory has three stages. Kohlberg suggests that everyone moves through these stages at different time (Salkind, 2006).
Kohlberg?s Stages. The pre-conventional morality stage is the earliest stage, and it is based on the idea of obedience and punishment, if you obey, you will not be punished. This phase usually starts to develop in young children, and it is used to services their needs (Cherry, 2016).
The conventional stage is when children start to associate with ?good boy-bad girl? and are beginning to learn the social expectations of society. In this stage, they begin to try and live up to these standards. The need to be good and seek out the approval of others plays an important part in this stage (Cherry, 2016).
The final stage is post-conventional, and it is centered on the idea of social differences. While upholding the idea of a social norm, people will have different values and each will act differently depending on their circumstances (Cherry, 2016). During this stage, people start to consider how their actions will affect others and those around them (Salkind,
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