Australian lifestyles and farming occur predominantly on the coast, which subject’s the reef to large quantities of sediment runoff. In addition to this problem is the outbreak of the crown of thorn starfish. However, significant efforts are being made to address these problems. Equally important is climate change and the threat it has on the reef in coming years. Consequently, the Government and other organizations have been looking at ways to increase the reef's resilience, to better cope with this problem.
H., & Moscardo, G. (2005). Understanding the Impact of Ecotourism Resort Experiences on Tourists’ Environmental Attitudes and Behavioural Intentions. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 13(6), 546-565. The research study examined potential benefits of ecotourism on the environment in Australia. Using one group pre post-test design, the authors collected information about attitudes, knowledge and behaviors of tourists through surveys.
In other words, the design of a planning project for a region for sustainable development, the acquisition of updated data is critical, particularly for countries with arid to semi-arid climates. The recent innovations in remote sensing methods have brought new solutions to study of environmental problems in geosciences. In the assessment of natural hazards like drought, remote sensing provides rapid, instant spatial data about the natural phenomena; they are useful in decision-makings as well as weather forecasts (Sunyurp et al., 2004). The monitoring of drought via remote sensing depends on the factors that cause drought (Jeyaseelan, 2005). Drought indicators and variables, obtained through remotely sensed data, can carry some uncertainties, which is induces by the sensitivity of factors, or their dependency to weather and environment conditions.
Climate change would affect the health conditions of polar bears through malnutrition, high death rates, and frequent occurrence of diseases and injuries due to extreme changes in weather. In addition, high concentration of ozone gases at ground level causes cardio-respiratory diseases in urban areas (Richard, 2009). In summary, climate change has physical and social effects on both human being and animals. The physical effects include increased temperatures, famines, high precipitation, and high sea levels. On the other hand, social effects include low food production due to high temperatures, spread of diseases and many others.
The author conducts a descriptive study of how the increased demand for palm has impacted biodiversity especially indigenous animals such as orangutan. In order to assess the impact of palm oil plantation on orangutan’s habitat, the author conducted a literature review. The author notes that the need to expand land for palm oil expansion has negatively impacted the composition and the size of orangutan’s habitat. These findings imply that sustainable environmental policies and techniques need to be developed and implemented so as to mitigate the negative impact of the palm oil plantation of orangutan’s habitat. Nantha, H., & Tisdell, C. (2009).
On top of living in the African savannas, some giraffe populations also natural... ... middle of paper ... ...in Tsavo East National Park, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 16:1–20 Fennessy, J., Ecology of desert-dwelling giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis angolensis in northwestern Namibia. Sydney Journal of Biological Sciences 43:18-33 Parker, D. and Bernard, R., 2005. The Diet and Ecological Role of Giraffe ( Giraffa Camelopardalis ) Introduced to the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Zoology 267:203-208 Young, T. and Isbell L., 2010.
Therefore, scientific intervention is of great significance to protect animal health, according to the change of physiology and related indicators of animals after transport stress. Anti-stress feed additives is a relief and control to stress syndrome, caused by the stressor. It can improve the feed conversion efficiency of nutrients and protein, reduce the stress response. According to the physiological and biochemical indicators of change in livestock and poultry after the transport stress, the targeted use of additives can effectively reduce the loss brought by transportation stress. As the most important antioxidant substances in the extracellular fluid, vitamin C protects biological membrane against peroxide damage through reducing reactive oxide species in tissue.
In conclusion, occupational exposure to ticks was associated with an increased risk of Lyme disease seropositivity in outdoor workers after control for multiple confounding variables. Personal preventive practices play essential role in Lyme disease prevention such as wearing long-sleeves and avoiding contact with tick exposure areas. The insect repellent use and prophylactic antibiotics should be assessed for clinical trials. This study was well designed to find risk factors for Lyme disease in outdoor workers.
They also effect the food chains in the water and on land. Oil effects animals in four ways physical contact, eating, breathing, and absorption (Effects of Oil Spills on Wildlife, 2010). Depending on what type of oil it is also contributes to the seriousness of the spill. The weather also has a role in the clean-up of a spill. There are four peer related articles that show there are real cause for concern What the Spill will Kill?
Hence Climate change has an impact on the country economy but they need to keep advising techniques to be resilient enough to adapt and cope with this unwanted burden. This also calls for a major shift in lifestyle, a transformation on how to manage land and forests and a new paradigm shift to act differently than the past. Act now, act together and act differently-that are the steps that can put a climate smart world within our reach. Works Cited • Class lectures • Water Resources of World in the Context of Climate Change 2011, Published by: Water and Energy Commission Secretariat • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_change • http://www.worldresourcesreport.org/responses/climate-change-World-impacts-and-adaptive-strategies