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Kinzer Describe The Effects Of The Cuban Crisis

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In part one section two Kinzer describes the invasion on Cuba. Kinzer notes Spain’s hard work to solve the Cuban crisis peacefully and “any president with a backbone would have seized this opportunity for an honorable solution. Such a solution, however, would have denied the United States the prizes they sought. They could be won only by conquest. McKinley understood this and on April 11 he asked congress to authorize ‘forcible intervention’ in Cuba” (Kinzer 37). When McKinley authorized ‘forcible intervention’ in Cuba the world knew this was nothing less than a declaration of war. The harsh reality is that Spain was willing to negotiate peacefully with the United States but McKinley had other plans. Kinzer later says that the CIA attempted to depose him but failed miserably. Eighteen months later, the Soviets deployed offensive missiles in Cuba, thus bringing the Soviets and the America to brink of nuclear combat war (Kinzer 90). This was one of the reasons why the Soviets went from being our ally to being our enemy. In section three Kinzer describes the American intervention in Nicaragua. “With a postage stamp led the United States to overthrow the most formidable leader Nicaragua ever had” (Kinzer 56). This led to a continuum of events causing Nicaragua to fall short of peace, happiness, and prosperity. Nicaragua was in the midst of a modernizing revolution but with American intervention history has since reported the county as poor and non-prosperous. Kinzer points out In 1876 a government commission studies possible routes and concluded that the one across Nicaragua “Possesses, both for the construction and maintenance of a canal, greater advantage, and offers fewer difficulties from engineering, commercial and econom... ... middle of paper ... ...communist and that everything had to do with the Soviets. Kinzer writes, “It is believed, as one historian has put it, ‘that is dealing not with misguided, irresponsible nationalist, but with ruthless agents of international communism” (Kinzer 136). Eisenhower was so paranoid that he conducted his own CIA investigation where the CIA agent could report to Dulles autonomously. Arbenz became frightened and secretly bought weapons; the CIA found them and reported back. Dulles declared it, “Proof of communist infiltration” (Kinzer 138-140). No one could help Arbenz because the proof was right in front of the Americans and could no longer help support him. Part two section three focuses on South Vietnam. Japan had occupied and controlled Vietnam during the world war. After the Japanese surrender, the partisan leader, Ho Chi Minh, declared in country’s independence.
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