To much dismay, Alias died before marrying John, leaving him without any land once again. The broken relationship Between Henry the Young King and Henry II led to John’s elder s... ... middle of paper ... ...er John’s failed attempt at reclaiming Normandy, the baron’s had the final straw. John caught wind of a coup and did everything he could to stop it, from buying time to gain papal support, to declaring himself a crusader in hopes of gaining political protection. None of this worked, and the baron’s “Army of God,” marched on London, taking cities as they advanced. John was forced to negotiate peace talks, as more of his royalists left to join the barons.
As a result, his barons went to war. John did not survive the war though, and he died in 1216 most likely contracted dysentery. John I may not have been quite the evil villain that society knows from the tales of Robin Hood, but he certainly was a terrible King. In conclusion, there are brilliant capable leaders and there are unscrupulous and unprincipled leaders. There are monarchs who understand how to gain the love of their people, and there are monarchs who abuse the trust and confidence that their people have in them.
Richard dipped deep into his father’s treasure and sold sherif... ... middle of paper ... ...of Hubert Walter, justifier and archbishop of Canterbury. It was Richard’s impetuosity that brought him to his death at the early age of forty-two. The Vicomte of Limoges refused to hand over a hoard of gold unearthed by a local peasant. Richard laid siege to his castle of Chalus and in an unlucky moment was wounded. He died in 1199.
Among Parliament’s support... ... middle of paper ... .... Furthermore, Charles I had attempted to make himself the first despot by reducing Parliament to a nullity (Macaulay 64). It should be noted that during the time of Charles I, the king had no standing army, and that the king could not legally raise money without the consent of Parliament (Taylor 3, 4). However, because Charles had always been in favor of the notion of absolute monarchy (Taylor viii), he had dared to make extraparliamentary actions without the consent of Parliament. These included the trespass onto the constitutional rights of the English people, levying taxes without the consent of Parliament, imprisoning civilians and court nobles alike without due cause, and quartering troops in private homes during times of war (Macaulay 63-64).
He would lose a lot if a rebellion took place. In 1758 the idea of rebelling against Britain was unthinkable to him, as it was to most colonists. Yet he was also angry at Britain for having been denied a commission in the British Army and humiliated by the army's lack of respect for the Virginia militia. Like many colonists, he was hurt financially by the effects of the Stamp Act and Townshend Acts. He believed, like many of his contemporaries, that he and his fellow Americans were being taxed without representation.
Throughout his reign as King, he was hindered by the fact that he could not fully trust the support of his generals at a time when the Danish invaders were a constant threat to the English. In an act of futile appeasement, Aethelred attempted to stop Danish cravings by paying what was known as Danegeld. Danegeld was an annual tax believed to have been imposed originally to buy off Danish invaders in England (m-w 1). In 1009, however, the King of the Danes, Sweyn, decided that as well as keeping the territory, and monies he had taken from the English, that he would now take the whole country. Four years later, in 1013, Sweyn had control of England and Aethelred had fled to Normandy to seek protection from Emma’s brother, Robert the Good.
Richard the Lion heart was the main reason for this loss. Richard was king before John and had made his nobles in France very angry because he took so much of their money to finance the wars in France and the crusades and they were angry about being ruled by an English monarch. Most of these nobles thought Arthur of Brittany were the man for the job. Most of the people in France weren't happy that John was their new King and went to war against him. At first this went well for John and captured many of his enemies, including Arthur of Brittany.
King Louis XIV distrusted the Protestants and everything they stood for. Because of that, he revoked the Edict of Nantes and torn down the walls that surrounded Protestant towns. The walls were erected to help the Protestants feel safer. He spent a lot of tax money building Versailles. That angered most people, because Versailles was only for Louis and his rich noblemen and their wives.
However, this act was avoidable and rarely paid. Following the long and harrowing French and Indian War, Britain was deep in debt and George Grenville was appointed British Chancellor. He was determined to pay off the debt by brutally taxing the colonies. He not only reinforced the ignored Navigation Acts, but he placed the new Sugar Act which was similar to the Molasses Act which put a tax on rum and molasses imported from West Indies, but this Act would be enforced. Needless to say, the colonists were not used to this intrusion of Parliament and felt that it was wrong because there were no members in Parliament to represent the colonies.
American’s rebellious nature against the new taxations methods lead to the creation of The Stamp Act Congress. The Stamp Act Congress denied the right of parliament to levy an internal tax in the colonies, and voiced American’s discontent. The colonist insisted the detested the law be repealed, and reinforced their demand by refusing to import British goods. Leading Britain to become furious with her distant subjects as the colonist began declaring acts of tyranny against them. With the refusal of British imports in America and constant riots British troops were sent to Boston to protect the Customs Commissioners, but were met by angry colonist leading to the Boston Massacre ... ... middle of paper ... ...as the war became more costly, and no longer worth Britain’s troubles as America made it clear they would continue the fight.