Background information: James II was King of England from February 6, 1685 until he was removed from the throne in 1688. He was the last Catholic ruler to reign over the English kingdom. The majority of people disliked him and wanted him to give up his title of being king. C. Thesis statement: There were several causes and effects of the Glorious Revolution that led to how the British Parliament is governed today. II.
To much dismay, Alias died before marrying John, leaving him without any land once again. The broken relationship Between Henry the Young King and Henry II led to John’s elder s... ... middle of paper ... ...er John’s failed attempt at reclaiming Normandy, the baron’s had the final straw. John caught wind of a coup and did everything he could to stop it, from buying time to gain papal support, to declaring himself a crusader in hopes of gaining political protection. None of this worked, and the baron’s “Army of God,” marched on London, taking cities as they advanced. John was forced to negotiate peace talks, as more of his royalists left to join the barons.
Henry VIII wanted a male to take over his throne so when he felt his time was running out, Henry VIII needed to divorce his Queen at that time but the Catholic Church wouldn’t allow this. He separated from the church and brought England with him. He turned England into a Protestant nation. Needless to say people were confused and had to make huge adjustments. At the beginning of Elizabeth’s reign there was confusion.
Richard died April 6th 1199 and he appointed John as heir to the throne. In April 1199, England, King John was proclaimed king of England and was a failure, making an entire country turn on him in rebellion. What were John’s mistakes that made the Barons of England force him to sign the Magna Carta? King John’s first loss to the French in 1204 led to a loss of land and respect as well as in 1214. The Barons refused to give soldiers to King John after 1204 to raise an army because they did not trust him as a General; in return John taxed them heavily.
He was named successor to the English throne by his cousin, Elizabeth I and ascended that throne in 1603. James was profoundly affected by his years as a boy in Scottish court. Murder and intrigue had plagued the Scottish throne throughout the reigns of his mother and grandfather (James V) and had no less bearing during James's rule. His father had been butchered mere months after James' birth by enemies of Mary and Mary, because of her indiscretions and Catholic faith, was forced to abdicate the throne. Thus, James developed a guarded manner.
Cardinal Wolsey virtually ruled England until his failure to secure the papal annulment that Henry needed to marry Anne Boleyn in 1533. Wolsey was quite capable as Lord Chancellor, but his own interests were served more than that of the king: as powerful as he was, he still was subject to Henry's favor - losing Henry's confidence proved to be his downfall. The early part of Henry's reign, however, saw the young king invade France, defeat Scottish forces at the Battle of Foldden Field (in which James IV of Scotland was slain), and write a treatise denouncing Martin Luther's Reformist ideals, for which the pope awarded Henry the title "Defender of the Faith". The 1530's witnessed Henry's growing involvement in government, and a series of events which greatly altered England, as well as the whole of Western Christendom: the separation of the Church of England from Roman Catholicism.
The Whigs had hoped with the King replaced by the Prince of Wales they would soon be propelled into office. The friendship alliance between the Whig party and the Prince of Wales had brought the party into further disrepute as the reagent had been extremely unpopular with a notorious reputation for exploiting his position in power. After the Kings recovery the Whigs further distanced themselves from the monarchy and therefore their hopes of ever coming to office declined dramatically. After the outbreak of revolution in France in 1792 the party faced the problem of split opinion amongst its members. Although the French revolution did further the divide between some members, many of the ideological differences existed prior to the outbreak and were simply exposed showing the party to be split and erratic.
So even with all these unfortunate circumstances for Henry, how did he ever get the chance to become the King of England? The first time Henry realised he had a chance to the throne was in 1483, when Richard, Duke of Gloucester, proclaimed himself King of England instead of what should have been his brothers' son. Richard was not a popular King. He also had a very weak claim to the throne and was thought to have killed his brothers' (Edward IV) sons in the twin towers, although this was never proven. In becoming King, Richard split his own side (Yorkists) and began to spread rumours about his claim to the throne and about his brothers claim to the throne.
He came into full power of France in 1661. Louis married Maria Theresa of Spain in 1659. When Mazarin died in 1661, Louis decided he didn’t want a powerful advisor and then started to change history. Louis had the longest reign in European history of 73 years. King Louis XIV distrusted the Protestants and everything they stood for.
Charles's secretly added to the marriage treaty, despite his promise to Parliament. Charles had failed two attacks on France. One was led by Buckingham, a royal favorite who gained political and military power. He was impeached by Parliament in 1628, was murdered by a fanatic before the second attack on France. This caused a power struggle because it was the king's right to choose his ministers, but Parliament has to approve of them.