(Chambers,... ... middle of paper ... ...powerful god and chose to introduce monotheism to his society. He uses the “power” and “knowledge” of God to enforce ethical ideals on to the Hebrew society. While the two codes carry different themes and attitudes in the laws, they both rely on a higher power to enforce it. We learn from The Ten Commandments that the Hebrew lived in a society where following morals and pursuing an abstemious life were of the utmost importance. In the Classics of Western Thought by Gochberg, God is portrayed as a kind, yet stern power who has strict ideals for his people.
An ancient text called “Creation of Man by the Mother Goddess” (p.34) helps us understand how the M... ... middle of paper ... ...f the divine world but the kings were in charge of vocalizing god’s wishes on earth. The most famous of these law codes was Hammurabi’s law code. The Hebrews tried to establish order by using Yahweh’s Ten Commandments and the Torah. Mesopotamian deities were hard to please and easily angered. The Mesopotamians constantly felt they were letting their gods down and usually didn’t even know the reason behind it.
There have been many civilizations and many wars waged due to religious beliefs. Regardless of who is who and what one believes, all beings believe that what their God, gods, or deities spoke is the truth, the way, and the key to having an everlasting life. The Hebrew seem to now have a religious monopoly with the modern day Christianity, the ideas of the Buddhist reconcile with many of the beliefs of the Hindu, the Egyptians believed in their many gods along with their god –king, and in the midst of all the ancient religions still lies the oldest religions Judaism and Hinduism which are alike in many ways yet completely different. However, the real question is who was right and who was wrong? In the beginning, the Hebrew civilization, which was politically insignificant compared to other empires such as Egypt, produced a new form of religion that was based on a monotheistic all-powering god that created and controlled everything that they called Yahweh (47).
Both inspired fear and veneration in the populace and the people created lesser gods as guardian intercessors to assuage the insecurity of their world. Although the Sumerians developed systems of writing and mathematics, the use of these arts was restricted to an elite upper class while the majority of the people were enslaved by ignorance and fear. This structure of subservience to a higher power was established in their religion and played out in their government. The government of ancient Egypt was similarly autocratic. The pharaohs were both god and king and the religion taught the people to trust that their king would rule according to maat with concern for the welfare of the common man.
He returns from his travels, and he writes everything down on a tablet. This world Gilgamesh lives in has its similarities and differences of religion compared to modern day; they have people of authority that mortals seem to contest and disagree with for the most part. When the story begins, Gilgamesh is petrifying and prevailing. The elders of Uruk complain to the gods saying a king is supposed to protect his city, not destroy it. The gods force Aruru to create a man, Enkidu, strong enough to stand up to Gilgamesh.
Ziggurats were built to honor the holiness of the gods and to appease them in hopes of attaining their blessings. The Mesopotamian peoples zealously enslaved their lives to serving the gods through admiration and obedience. However, absent from their faith was any established code of ethics or morality that distinguished righteousness from treachery. The Mesopotamian people knew solely of one purpose to satisfy the gods and the rulers formed codes of laws to affect societies in certain ways under the label deeming it as the will of the gods. Sumerians and Akkadians both inhabited the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia, sharing a common polytheistic faith in many gods.
Unlike the secular government that we have today, ancient Egypt intertwined religion with politics, creating a vast network of gods that ruled over specific parts of Egyptian life. There were gods for the Nile, the sun, the afterlife, and even for chaos and disorder. The Egyptians believed wholeheartedly in their gods, and erected tombs, temples, and statues in their favor. Because of this, there is no Egyptian word for “religion”. The gods were tied to all activities in daily life, and no Egyptian citizen believed that the gods were fallible.
These gods are continuously quarreling and feuding and do not seem to be omniscient. In addition, in Tablet 1 we see that the gods are not immortal: "Ea unfastened his belt, took off his crown, Took away his mantle of radiance and put it on himself. He held Apsu down and slew him" (Enuma Elish 12). These gods seem willing to accept leadership from another god as when "they rejoiced, they proclaimed 'Marduk is King'" (Enuma Elish 13)! Though Babylon is where written law was first introduced the government was still despotic.
Clintons self confidence allow his followers to believe in his work. From the start of the presidency, he was passionate about accomplishing what he promised. Clinton has excellent communication skills. He was able to persuade his ways for various laws and for people to support him. His words was able to increase the morals of his followers.
In contrast, the Epic of Gilgamesh is a story of monstrosity and self-discovery contributed to by many authors over the course of history pertaining to an arrogant King who was the puppet of many gods. However, both explore how a supreme deity is a central part of life. Gilgamesh starts off leaving a terrible legacy, that of a raging monster of a king. His people pray, asking