Anthology of Japanese Literature. 'Comp' . Donald Keene. New York: Grove Press, 1955. Print.
Before the development of hiragana and katakana, the Japanese poets used Chinese kanji during the Heian Period from which the Man’yoshu was recorded in. Furthermore, they were also written with a writing language known as man’yogana, which is assumed to be an intermediate language between Chinese and the creation of hiragana Japanese. Previous literary examples from this era are the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki. However, Man’yoshu did not want to remain true to the Chinese directionless prose of poetry style. One of the main roles of Man’yoshu was to develop liter... ... middle of paper ... ...kotoba or kokoro.
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1975): 35-53. Shirane, Haruo. Traditional Japanese Literature: An Anthology, Beginnings to 1600. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.
Keene, Donald, ed. Anthology of Japanese Literature from the Earliest Era to the Mid- nineteenth Century. Grove Press, Inc. New York: 1955. Rexroth, Kenneth, ed and trans. One Hundred Poems from the Japanese.
Works Cited "Japanese literature :: The significance of the Man'yoshu -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. 15 Feb. 2011 . Keene, Donald. Anthology of Japanese literature, from the earliest era to the mid-nineteenth century.
Furthermore, literary texts that overlap and mix genres blur the distinction between them. Genres are not discrete systems consisting of a fixed number of list able items. Consequently, the same text can belong to different genres in different countries or times. For example, Latin poets categorized the elegy mainly in terms of its meter, while poets during the English Renaissance regarded the subject matter and tone to be determinate of form. History and culture play a role in the ever changing status of genres, which are difficult to define because the concept encompasses so many different literary qualities and conventions that can be broken or accepted, overlapped or mixed.
The literature written during the medieval period of Japan is very different from literature written during earlier time periods, and the differences show the changes and innovations that took place during the medieval period, and thus reflects important aspects of Japanese medieval society. These changes and innovations can be seen by comparing a few of the works from the medieval period to written works from earlier periods. Comparing written works such as The Tale of Genji and The Tale of Heike, the Kokinshuu and Shinkokinshuu, and The Pillow Book and Essays in Idleness successfully shows the changes and innovations that took place during the medieval period of Japan. The literature of the Heian period is known for its emphasis on romance. The Tale of Genji is an examples of this.
"Kokinshu." Anthology of Japanese Literature from the earliest era to the mid-nineteenth century . Ed and Comp. Donald Keene. New York: Grove Press, 1955.
Ed. Donald Keene. New York: Grove, 1955. Print. Varley, Paul H. Japanese Culture.