I. Topic: Egalitarianism
II. Definition: Egalitarianism is a protean doctrine. Egalitarian believe in equality of all human beings. In addition, people should get the same, or be treated the same, or be treated as equals, in some respect (Arneson, 2013)
a. Description: Egalitarianism is a trend in political philosophy. Egalitarian doctrines tend to rest on a background idea that all human persons are equal in fundamental worth or moral status. (Arneson, 2013).
i. The key concepts of egalitarianism is an equality by itself refers only to a relation, such as “less than” or “greater than,” rather than a quality or essence. To judge two things equal, we must also specify the relevant qualities they have in common. Therefore, egalitarianism is the…show more content… An egalitarian’s doctrine reflects that it is desirable that people 's condition be made the same in any respect or that people ought to be treated the same in any respect. Also egalitarian might rather be one who maintains that people ought to be treated as equals, as possessing equal fundamental worth and dignity and as equally morally considerable (Gibson, 2014, p. 114)
i. John Rawls (1921-2002), a contemporary egalitarian who wrote a book in 1972, a theory of justice stated that we are better off through social cooperation than living alone by our own efforts (Gibson, 2014, p. 114).
1. He believed, “no one should be advantaged or disadvantaged by natural fortune or social circumstances (Gibson, 2014, p.…show more content… Libertarians believes in equality of people and opportunity. They believe people should be treated the same. The most similar quality of libertarianism and egalitarianism is they believe everyone hare in one another’s fate and we have an obligation to one another. A utilitarian analysis would look at the benefits and harms, not just individual, but of all that is affected by their decisions. Identify how the Topic is similar to the components in your comparison (Gibson, 2014, p. 114).
i. Libertarian’s belief sometimes termed pure justice. It is a system providing open opportunities to all assuming that any resulting distribution will necessarily be fair (Gibson, 2014, p. 113).The key concepts of libertarianism is the belief of individualism, individual rights, spontaneous order, the rule of law, limited government, free markets, the virtue of production, natural harmony of nature, and peace (Boaz, 1999). ii. Libertarians advocate a meritocracy of people get what they deserve based on merit (Gibson, 2014, p. 116).
IV. Application: Administrative Responsibility
a. Evidence: Subjective and Objective Responsibilities as a Public