Key Airport Passenger Facilities

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Airports are vast facilities covering many acres of land where passenger beginning the flight portions of their travels. The first flight by the Wright brothers in Kitty Hawk, NC in 1903 only required a runway. As the technology of flight advanced to offer passenger service, there was soon a need for a building to manage passenger needs. Airports of today provide many key services needed for the traveler whether they are beginning, transferring, or ending their journeys. The demand for air transportation rises each year, according to the Department of Transportation (United States Department of Transportation, 2013) 815.3 passengers traveled by airplanes in 2012. With the demand expected to rise, airports must be able to keep pace with services. There are many different services provided however, this report will discuss terminal design, baggage handling, and ground access. II. Layout Of The Terminal The layout of modern day airport terminals are more than simple buildings offering protection from the weather as it was in the early days of air travel. In the early 1920’s the terminal was a small building mostly used for cargo and airmail, with very little amenities for passengers. As the demand for air travel increased the necessity for larger air facilities grew, soon airport style copied the main transportations of the time, the railroads. The smaller buildings became bigger art deco style of building, holding ticket offices, baggage handling areas and waiting areas for travelers. These early terminals most often were single level facilities that opened to the tarmac. As the number of passengers increased, these airports became inefficient and it became unsafe to have passengers walk across the apron. It was apparent that the ... ... middle of paper ... ...ld have no problem keeping pace with the increases in passengers and moving them efficiently through the terminal. Works Cited Budd, T. (2014). Airport ground access and private car use: a segmentation analysis.Journal of transport geography, 36, 106-115. doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.03.012 Pitt, M., Fong, K. W., & Phua, C. T. (2001). Strategic optimisation of airport passenger terminal buildings. Facilities, 19(11/12). Retrieved from Swarts, A. J. (1996). Automated baggage system? Software Engineering Notes, 21(2), 79-83. United States Department of Transportation (2013). Total Passengers on U.S Airlines and Foreign Airlines U.S. Flights Increased 1.3% in 2012 from 2011 | Bureau of Transportation Statistics (press release BTS 16-13). Retrieved from
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